Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Review Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3 (4S): 1 - 8. Special Issue-4 (Advances in animal disease diagnosis, vaccines and therapeutics)

Vaccination: A Future Perspective

Shaswati Subhadarsini Pany1, Nihar Nalini Mohanty2, Laxmi Narayan Sarangi3*, Jajati Keshari Mohapatra4, Sathish B Shivachandra2

1Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Science University, Ludhiana, Punjab; 2Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar; 3Regional Medical Research Centre, Bhubaneswar; 4Project Directorate on Foot-and-Mouth Disease, IVRI, Mukteswar, India.

*Correspondence | Laxmi Narayan Sarangi, Regional Medical Research Centre, Bhubaneswar, India; Email:

Vaccines have always drawn attention when it comes to tackling diverse era of infectious and non-infectious diseases. Since the gradual emergence of the concept of vaccines and their epochal success in control, prevention and eradication of many diseases, researchers have always seen immense potential in the field of immunoprophylaxis to combat the growing demands of health sector. With new emerging diseases to confront and strategic change in host invasion and immune evasion by microbes augments the need to transform vaccines with a more futuristic perspective. Researchers foresee to revolutionize the modern vaccination era by in-depth understanding of immune system and bringing about transformation in every component of vaccine formulation (like antigen, adjuvant etc.) by amalgamating other fields like recombinant DNA technology, molecular genetics, cellular immunology, structural biology, bioinformatics, computational biology, nanotechnology, formulation technologies and systems biology. In order to cope up with the changing scenario of vaccine industry, the knowledge of the existing trend in this field becomes indispensable. Here we highlight the existing and futuristic approach towards vaccines which will keep veterinarians, researchers and clinicians in other sectors abreast with the technologies and hasten research in this direction.

Keywords | Vaccine, Future, Adjuvant

Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 55, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2000


Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits

Subscribe Unsubscribe