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Sero-prevalence of Peste des Petits Ruminant (PPR) Virus in Sheep and Goat Population of Gilgit Baltistan Province of Pakistan

Sero-prevalence of Peste des Petits Ruminant (PPR) Virus in Sheep and Goat Population of Gilgit Baltistan Province of Pakistan

Majeeda Rasheed1*, Tanveer Akhtar1, Nadia Mukhtar2, Muhammad Furqan Shahid2, Muhammad Imran3, Saima Yaqub2

1Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
3Quality operations laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Author: Majeeda Rasheed
meri92552@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) caused by PPR virus (PPRV), is a contagious disease of domestic and wild small ruminants. The disease is endemic in developing countries of African and Asian worlds including Pakistan, where several clinical cases in small ruminants (sheep and goat) have been frequently reported. Despite PPRV is endemic in Pakistan, information on disease serosurveillance of prevailing strains in Gilgit-Balitistan (GB) territory is scarce. Therefore, the current study was designed to assess the seroprevalence of PPRV and to evaluate potential risk factors involved in the transmission of PPR disease in four distinct locations of GB province. We reported occurrence and risk factor analysis of PPR in small ruminants (n=1000) originating from different places in district Gilgit using Hem agglutination Inhibition (HI) test followed by risk analysis through Open-Epi software. Serum samples including goats n=500 and sheep n=500 were collected from different herds situated at Naltar lake, Tattovat, Fairy meadows, Bangle, and Naltar. Overall a comparable prevalence was identified for both goat and sheep (46% vs 44%, P > 0.05). Future studies are necessary to further ascertain the study outcomes and elucidate the molecular epidemiology of prevalent strains in the said geographical locations for better disease control and management interventions. 

Novelty Statement | It is the first report from Gilgit-Balitistan which ascertain necessary intervention such as vaccination on mass scale, animal movement control etc for disease management in future.
 

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Punjab University Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 36, Iss. 1, pp. 1-123

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