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Review on Streptokinase with its Antigenic Determinants and Perspectives to Develop its Recombinant Enzyme with Minimum Immunogenicity

Review on Streptokinase with its Antigenic Determinants and Perspectives to Develop its Recombinant Enzyme with Minimum Immunogenicity

Ghulam Akbar1*, Muhammad Anjum Zia1, Ali Ahmad2, Neha Arooj1 and Shahneela Nusrat

1Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan; 2Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan.

ghulamakbardgk@gmail.com 

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death along the world about 30% of all deaths occur due to cardiovascular diseases. Among fibrinolytic enzymes streptokinase (SK) is commonly used in the world to cure heart diseases because its low cost and efficacy. It’s a microbial origin enzyme produced especially by Streptococcus bacterial spp. Therefore, it is antigenic in nature due to microbial source which restricts its use. However, it is necessary to truncate antigenic regions present in the SK gene for the removal of streptokinase antigenicity. The basic goal of this research work is to highlight antigenic regions founded in streptokinase molecule and to give strategy to remove these antigenic sites. 

 

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Journal of Innovative Sciences

June

Vol. 7, Iss. 1, Pages 1-205

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