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Profitability and Utilization of Farmer Business School Extension Approach on Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Nigeria

Profitability and Utilization of Farmer Business School Extension Approach on Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Nigeria

Oluwaseun Adetarami1*, Oluwatoyin Olagunju2, Babatunde Adebayo Oyebamiji1, Adegboyega Abel Odeyemi3 and Sina Basil Johnson4

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, College of Administration and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria; 2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Adekunle Ajasin University, P.M.B 001, Akugba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria; 3Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication Technology, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria; 4Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.

 
*Correspondence | Oluwaseun Adetarami, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, College of Administration and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria; Email: adetaramio@funaab.edu.ng

ABSTRACT

This study is designed to investigate the profitability and utilization of Farmer Business School (FBS) extension approach on cocoa smallholder farmers in Ondo and Osun States of Nigeria. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select (160) respondents. The primary data were collected through structured questionnaire. For the data analysis, statistical tools such as budgeting technique and logitistic regression were used. Results of the budgeting technique showed that each farmer of the FBS approach had a mean profit of ₦ 81,134.65 with a cost benefit ratio of 1.09. The results of logistic regression revealed that the age of cocoa farmer, level of education, extension contact, farm size and cocoa annual income are major determinants influencing the utilization of FBS approach. The study concluded that the utilization of FBS approach by smallholder cocoa farmers contributes substantially to the profitability of cocoa business. It is, therefore, recommended that effective general extension services should be extended to the study area to intensify the use of FBS introduced innovative skills by farmers for cocoa production. 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500

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