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Population Structure of Kokok Balenggek Chicken in In-situ Area as Indigenous Chicken of Indonesia

Population Structure of Kokok Balenggek Chicken in In-situ Area as Indigenous Chicken of Indonesia

Husmaini1*, Riza Andesca Putra1, Indri Juliyarsi1, Tevina Edwin1, Linda Suhartati1, Aditya Alqamal Alianta1, Harmaini2 

1Faculty of Animal Science, Andalas University, Padang city, West Sumatra, Indonesia; 2Agricultural Technology Research Center, West Sumatra, Indonesia.

*Correspondence | Husmaini, Faculty of Animal Science, Andalas University, Padang city, West Sumatra, Indonesia; Email: husmaini@ansci.unand.ac.id  

ABSTRACT

Kokok Balenggek Chicken (KBC) is a local chicken in West Sumatra as a crowing chicken. This study aims to obtain primary data on population structure and management of KBC maintenance in in-situ areas. The respondents of this study were fifty-seven farmers who kept the KBC. The method was survey method and purposive sampling to determine the respondents. The observed variables were breeder profile, maintenance management, number of KBC, actual population (Na), effective population (Ne), and inbreeding rate. The total population of KBC in Nagari Batu Bajanjang, Tigo Lurah District is 1960, with an actual population of 610 chickens, an effective population of 600 chickens, and an inbreeding rate of 0.08%. The result showed the farmer’s profile 89.47% of respondents was in 25-55 years old, 47.37% respondent was eduucated in elementary school, 42.11% respondents has 5-10 years farming experience, 56.14% respondents distributed in Jorong Koto Tuo, 98.2% respondend raising KCB as a side business, 56.1% of KCB was for breeding purposing, and 50.88% respondents owned of 25-50 chickens. The farmers still used a traditional maintenance system with natural mating, own seed sources, and hatching methods in maintenance management. There were cuts in KBC 59.65% with 277 chickens and sales of KBC 64.91% with 397 chickens, It concluded that the increase in the KBC population in in-situ areas is still slow, so it is necessary to improve maintenance management strategies in order to maintain indigenous chicken Indonesian especially in West Sumatera.

Keywords | Kokok Balenggek Chicken, Population Structure, Management, in-situ area, West Sumatera 

 

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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

June

Vol. 10, Iss. 6, Pages 1189-1422

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