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Osteometric Measurements on Topographic and Morphological Structure of Foramen in Regiones Capitis in Gurcu Goats

Osteometric Measurements on Topographic and Morphological Structure of Foramen in Regiones Capitis in Gurcu Goats

Semine Dalga* and Kadir Aslan

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, Kars-36100, Turkey

 
* Corresponding author: seminedalga@kafkas.edu.tr, sdalga91@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

In this study, the clinically significant foramen and bones comprising the skull in the regiones capitis of Gurcu goats were examined topographically. Twelve adult goat skulls of both sexes (n=6 males and n=6 females) that did not produce fertile offspring were used in the study. Twenty different morphometric measurements were taken on the skull. Four distinct reference points were measured for the selection site of the infraorbital foramen. A reference point was used for the selection site of the oval foramen. In both sexes, the skulls of the goats were observed to be elongated and dolichocephalic according to the cephalic index (49.24±3.47/48.31±4.87). The length of the skulls was found as 222.71±16.74 mm in females and 240.19±26.29 mm in males. It was observed that half of the materials lacked the supraorbital foramen, which should be located on both sides of the frontal bone. The remaining animals possessed it only on one side. The tuber faciale was prominently located dorsally at the intersection of the last premolar and the first molar in both sexes. The infraorbital foramen was located dorsal to the second upper premolar tooth on the os maxilla. The septal process was shown to terminate with two ends in females and a single end in males. It was observed that the processus nasalisi of the os inciivum extended to the os nasale, with incisura nasoincisvus being located between them. Nasomaxillar fissur was observed to be present in females. The findings of this study are believed to be applicable in clinical veterinary practice, the blocking of terminal branches of cranial nerves between sexes, the treatment of dental injuries and possibly zooarchaeology.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 54, Iss. 6, Pages 2501-3000

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