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Optimizing the Growth and Yield of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) Cultivars by Altering Sowing Dates

Optimizing the Growth and Yield of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) Cultivars by Altering Sowing Dates

Amjed Ali1, Kamran Arooj1, Bilal Ahmad Khan1*, Muhammad Ather Nadeem1­, Muhammad Imran1,2, Muhammad Ehsan Safdar1, Muhammad Mohsin Amin1, Amir Aziz3 and Muhammad Fraz Ali4

1Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan; 2Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering; 3Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan; 4Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Bilal Ahmad Khan, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan; Email: bilalahmadkhan678@gmail.com 

ABSTRACT

Appropriate sowing time is an important aspect that can affect the gowth and yield of any crop. So, a research trial was planned at Research Area, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan to investigate the impect of different sowing dates on growth and yield on mungbean cultivars. The research trial was arranged out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) under split plot arrangement followed by 3 replicas. In this study four different sowing dates (1st March, 15th March, 29th March and 12th April and two cultivars (AZRI-2006 and NM-92) were used. Data regarding leaf area index, leaf area duration, plant height (cm), number of pod bearing branches per plant, number of grains per pod,1000-grain weight (g), grain yield (kg ha-1), biological yield (kg ha-1) and harvest index (%) of mungbean were recorded by using standrd procedure. Results of experiment revealed that sowing date of 1st march and varity AZRI-2006 result in maximum leaf area index (3.43), leaf area duration (24.14), plant height (74.067cm), number of pod bearing branches per plant (60.96), number of grains per pod (11.30), grain yield (715.11 kg ha-1), biological yield (7773.3 kg ha-1) and harvest index (9.6167%) while sowing date 12th april and Varity AZRI-2006 produce maximum 1000-grain weight (66.67 g). On the bases of result of this study it was concluded that sowing date of 1st march and varity AZRI-2006 play important role in aching maximum yield of mungbean.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

September

Vol. 34, Iss. 3, Pages 394-671

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