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Mutton Export Competitiveness of Pakistan

Mutton Export Competitiveness of Pakistan

Iqbal Javed1*, Amar Razzaq2, Mudassar Yasin3, Muhammad Ali Imran4, Haroon Javaid5, Iftikhar Nabi6, Anum Sardar1 and Shahbaz Ahmad

1Department of Economics, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Sargodha, Pakistan; 2College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan (430070), China; 3Department of Agricultural Extension, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan; 4Institute of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 5Department of Business Administration, University of Sargodha, Pakistan; 6Agricultural Economics Section, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad. Pakistan; 7Department of Education, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Sargodha, Pakistan. 


Pakistan is an agricultural based country and livestock has a key role to play in providing the employment and to feed the population of Pakistan by providing them the milk and meat. The demand of mutton is everywhere in the world and also in the domestically in Pakistan. The share of livestock in the national gross domestic product is about 11 %. Pakistan is at number twelve in exports of the mutton according to the estimation of 2015. Although Pakistan’s meat industry is performing well however, there is more potential in the sector of livestock and hence for the exports of meat to all over the world. The study in hand is designed to explore the current performance and competiveness of meat industry of Pakistan. Keeping the importance of the meat industry of Pakistan, the study in hand is conducted to explore the mutton exports from Pakistan and to figure out the potential markets for Pakistani mutton. For the purpose of a research conducted on mutton exports from Pakistan the secondary data were used. The major sources of the data used in the study were international trade center, Economics survey of Pakistan, statistical yearbook of Pakistan and Agricultural Price Institution, Islamabad, Pakistan. Nominal protection coefficient (NPC), revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) were estimated for the export of mutton to all existing international markets. According to the finding of the current study under hand internal markets are categorized into three categories of with high potential markets, low potential markets and markets with no potential. First Category of markets with no potential include Afghanistan, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Vietnam and Malaysia. Second Category of markets for low potential includes Saudi Arabia. Third category for high potential markets in current circumstances includes Bahrain, UAE, Iran, and Thailand. Future potential markets are placed in fourth category which includes Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Finland, United States of America, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Canada, Japan, Norway, Thailand, Poland and Maldives 


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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol. 34, Iss. 3, Pages 394-671


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