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Impact of Feeding Habits on Population Ecology and Breeding Biology of Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) in District Bhakkar, Punjab, Pakistan

Impact of Feeding Habits on Population Ecology and Breeding Biology of Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) in District Bhakkar, Punjab, Pakistan

Aftab Raza Khan1, Azhar Abbas Khan2*, Javed Iqbal3, Arif Muhammad Khan4, Zeshan Hassan2, Hafiz Muhammad Aatif2 and Umbreen Shahzad2

1Department of Biological Sciences, Government Post Graduate College, Bhakkar, Pakistan.
2College of Agriculture, Bahauddin Zakariyya University, Bahadur Campus Layyah, Pakistan.
3Department of Biological Sciences, Government Degree College, Mankera, Pakistan.
4Department of Biotechnology, University of Sargodha Main-Campus, Sargodha, Pakistan.

*      Corresponding author: drkupchani@bzu.edu.pk

Fig. 1.

Adult grey francolin abundance and population density (mean±SE/ km2) in District Bhakkar (Punjab) Pakistan during different calendar months.

Fig. 2.

Density (mean±SE/ km2), dispersion index (variance/mean) of grey francolin and Arthropod populations in District Bhakkar (Punjab) Pakistan affected by precipitation during different calendar months.

Fig. 3.

Seasonal distribution of proportion of food items by volume (ml) within crops of grey francolin adults in District Bhakkar (Punjab) Pakistan.

Fig. 4.

Stand wise distribution of proportion of food items by volume (ml) within crops of grey francolin adults in District Bhakkar (Punjab) Pakistan.

Fig. 5.

Seasonal distribution of proportion of food items by volume (ml) within crops of grey francolin juveniles (< 1 year old) in District Bhakkar (Punjab) Pakistan.

Fig 1

 Adult grey francolin abundance and population density (mean±SE/ km2) in District Bhakkar (Punjab) Pakistan during different calendar months.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 53, Iss. 5, Pages 1603-2000

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