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Hematological and Biochemical Analysis of Blood of Fresh Water Turtles (Order: Testudines) from River Indus (Guddu), Sindh, Pakistan

Hematological and Biochemical Analysis of Blood of Fresh Water Turtles (Order: Testudines) from River Indus (Guddu), Sindh, Pakistan

Komal Hingoro1, Muhammad Saleem Chang1,2* and Ghulam Sarwar Gachal1

1Department of Zoology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, 76080, Sindh, Pakistan.
2Department of Science and Technical Education, Faculty of Education, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, 76080, Sindh, Pakistan.
 
*      Corresponding author: saleem_khan74@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

The main aim of current research study is to compare hematological and biochemical parameters of seven freshwater turtle species (Order Testudine). For this purpose, a total of 30 blood samples were collected from different turtle species including Aspideretes (A) gangeticus, A. hurum, Chitra indica, Lissemys punctata, Kachuga (K) tecta, K. smithi and Hardella thurjii exhibiting different habitats in the Guddu Barrage, Indus River, Pakistan. Hematological and biochemical analysis showed a significantly higher and lower values of red blood cells in Pangshura tecta and Kachuga smithii, PDW in Nilssonia hurum and Kachuga smithii, MCV in Chitra indica and Kachuga smithii, haemoglobin in Chitra indica and Kachuga smithii, PLT in Pangshura tecta and Chitra indica, MPV in Nilssonia hurum and Lissemys punctata, TLC in Nilssonia hurum and Kachuga smithii, LYM in Chitra indica and Kachuga smithii, NEU in Chitra indica and Kachuga smithii, EOS in Hardella thurjii, Lissemys punctata and A.gangeticus. Mean values of BAS were examined zero in all freshwater turtle species, MO in Lissemys punctata, Hardella thurjii and Pangshura tecta, and PCV in Nilssonia hurum and Kachuga smithii, respectively. Additionally, a significantly highest and lowest serum levels of glucose were examined in Kachuga smithii and Pangshura tecta, protein in the species of Pangshura tecta and kachuga smithii, cholesterol in Nilssonia hurum and Chitra indica, urea in A. gangeticus and Chitra Indica, triglycerides in Nilssonia hurum and Chitra indica and uric acid in Pangshura tecta and Lissemys punctata, respectively. Finally, no significant (p< 0.5) differences were identified in the hematological and biochemical parameters of seven species except EOS and MO. Based on these findings, we propose blood profiling as a nutritional tool to monitor health and disease in both wild and freshwater turtles.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 4, pp. 1501-2000

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