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Environmental Impact of Insulators and High Voltage Lines on Birds Flight and Power Interruptions at Tatapur Feeder: A Case Study

Environmental Impact of Insulators and High Voltage Lines on Birds Flight and Power Interruptions at Tatapur Feeder: A Case Study

Farhana Umer1, Muhammad Sheryar2 and Sangam Khalil3*

1Department of Electrical Engineering, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan 
2Department of Forestry Range and Wildlife management, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: sangam.khalil@iub.edu.pk

Fig. 1.

132kV Line vertical plane insulators (A), horizontal plane insulators (B), prey black kite nest on 132kV tower (C), A suspended wire on 132kV line (D), pin insulator on 11kV line (E) and disc insulator on 11kV with Jumper.

Fig. 2.
Bird (Myna) (A), bird of prey (Black Kite) (B) and bird of prey (Black Kite) (C).
Fig. 3.
Suspended wire on 11kV Tata Pur Feeder (A), 1000MCM cable is used in 11kV line (B), Dangerous Pole (11kV) (C) and Dangerous Pole (400V) (D).
Fig. 4.

Tripping graph of Tata Pur feeder.

Fig. 5.

Affected species in the study area.

Fig. 6.

Locations132kV high voltage grids and 11kV outgoing feeders in Multan.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 1, pp. 01-501

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