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Effect of White Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) on Immunity and Haematological Parameters of Oreochromis niloticus

Effect of White Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) on Immunity and Haematological Parameters of Oreochromis niloticus

Syed Sikandar Habib1*, Saira Naz2, Sehar Khalid3, Rimsha Kanwal2, Iqra Ameer1, Sadia Nawaz1 Aamir Khan4, Abid Ur Rehman5, Muqaddas Kousar6, Shafa Ullah Khan7 and Nadia Nazir7

1Department of Zoology, University of Sargodha, Sargodha
2Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Lahore Sargodha Campus 
3Department of Biosciences, Comsats University, Islamabad
4Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat-26000 
5Department of Zoology, Government Post Graduate College, Bannu 
6Department of Biotechnology, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi
7Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore
*      Corresponding author:


Nowadays, many challenges are facing by the fish farmer like infections (viral, bacterial and fungal) and environmental stress. Different drugs have been used against several infections, but sometimes they produce toxic effect in fish body and deteriorate the water quality, which in turn decrease the output of the aquaculture. To overcome these issues, herbal products are used in aquaculture and these are the perfect immune stimulator, antibiotic alternative and growth promotor. The current research was conducted to assess the effect of variant level of Agaricus bisporus on immunity and haematological parameters of Oreochromis niloticus. A total of 120 healthy fishes with average weight 24.0 ± 12.5g were distributed randomly into four fiber glass tanks in triplicates (each tank contains 10 fishes). The experimental diet was prepared with variant concentration of mushroom such as 0% (control group) and 2%, 4% and 6% of extractions for the other three groups. Duration of the experimental work was six weeks. Water quality parameters including temperature was 29 ± 0.5, DO: 5.7 ± 0.04 and pH: 7.5. Results revealed that the 6% Agaricus bisporus has shown higher lysozyme activity and ACH50 level, while no significant enhancement was observed in Ig. Beside this all the haematological parameters including WBC, RBC, Hb, Hct and differential leucocyte was observed higher in all the groups as compared to control group. It was concluded that 6% Agaricus bisporus can be use as immune-stimulant, and can help the farmers to overcome the emerging aquaculture problems.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 3, pp. 1001-1500


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