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Effect of Variable Degrees of Jejunal Resection on Clinical and Haematological Parameters of Cats

Effect of Variable Degrees of Jejunal Resection on Clinical and Haematological Parameters of Cats

Tariq Mehmood1, Muhammad Arif Khan1, Ayesha Safder Chaudhry1, Kamran Ashraf2, Muhammad Mohsin Ali1,3, Muhammad Faisal Ayoob3*, Mudassir Hussain4, Farrukh Saleem3 and Muhammad Fayaz3

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
2Department of Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
3National Veterinary Laboratories, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
4University of Turin, Italy
 
* Corresponding author: ayoob.faisal@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Abnormalities of intestines in carnivores such as blockage, peritonitis, tumors and diverse local injuries and lesions are corrected by resection of the intestine. Twelve cats were subjected to 3 variable degrees of jejunal resection, i.e. group A (20%) and group B (40%), while group C (0%). Sampling was performed on days 0, 15, and 30 to test various clinical and biochemical parameters. Results showed weight loss in all groups until day 15 post-surgery while in group A and C gradual weight gain was noted. Fecal consistency was observed in all the groups and noticed moist till day 15 post-surgery, which gradually turned to normal except in group B. The electrolyte parameters showed a significant difference (P<0.05) in the concentration of sodium ions in group C compared to group A and B on day 15 and 30 of post-surgery. In contrast, the concentration of chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate ions was found to be insignificant. A significant difference (P<0.05) was reported in various blood parameters in group A and B when compared with group C. However, all the observed values were within the normal range. It was concluded that resection of jejunum up to 20% in cats makes natural body weight gain while ≥40% jejunal resection increases morbidity and mortality risk.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500

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