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Effect of Luminance on Visual Performance by Secondary Cavity and Non-Cavity Nesting Passerines

Effect of Luminance on Visual Performance by Secondary Cavity and Non-Cavity Nesting Passerines

Nehafta Bibi1,2, Faiq Jan3, Munawar Saleem Ahmad4 and Haitao Wang1,5,*

1Jilin Engineering Laboratory for Avian Ecology and Conservation Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China
2Government Girls Degree College, Mansehra 21300, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
3Government Postgraduate College, Nowshera 24100, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
4Department of Zoology, University of Swabi, Swabi 23340, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
5Jilin Key Laboratory of Animal Resource Conservation and Utilization, Northeast Normal University, 5268 Renmim Street, Changchun, China

Fig. 1.

Comparison between the secondary (great tit and sparrow, n = 14) and non-cavity nesting passerines (Eurasian siskin and red-billed leiothrix, n = 14) on the onset of activity/ foraging. Medians are shown (a filled line, 25–75% quartile).

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 53, Iss. 5, Pages 1603-2000

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