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 Arshed Bashir*, Fatima Ahmad**, Irfan Mehmood*, Muhammad Qasim*, Mazher Abbas* and Sonila Hassan*

 * Pakistan Agricultural Research Council-Social Sciences Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan. ** Government APWA College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan. Corresponding author:


 This paper analyzes the cost and return estimates of red meat among different meat production systems namely subsistence rural farms, small sized specialized farm and commercial farms. Four districts of Punjab (Gujranwala and Sialkot from rice-wheat zone and Chiniot and Faisalabad from mixed cropping zone) were selected for data collection and 76 red meat producers were interviewed. The results showed that commercial farms were dominated by cows while the small sized specialized farms were dominated by buffaloes. The mean age, sale price and live weight of sold buffaloes was 2.8 years, Rs. 64963.8 and 157 kg, respectively whereas for cows the mean age was 3 years with average sale price of Rs. 65722.1 per cow and live weight of 210 kg. The cost of production of meat animals (buffaloes and cows) was higher in commercial farms (Rs. 67820.2 and Rs. 62773.5, respectively). However, production cost incurred by small sized specialized farms was about Rs. 62856.2 for buffaloes and Rs. 49619.3 for cows. The cost of production of subsistence rural farms was Rs. 41949 and Rs. 40872 for buffaloes and cows, respectively. Net margins were higher in commercial farms i.e., Rs. 19726.5 and Rs. 10513.1 for cows and buffaloes, respectively. However the net margins received by small size specialized farms for cows and buffaloes were Rs. 13796.9 and Rs. 7743.8, respectively followed by net margins of Rs. 10377.7 and Rs. 4009, received by subsistence rural farm for cows and buffaloes, respectively.


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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol. 34, Iss. 2, Pages 254-493


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