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Documenting Nesting and Breeding Ecology with Time Activity Budget of White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) in Swat, Pakistan

Documenting Nesting and Breeding Ecology with Time Activity Budget of White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) in Swat, Pakistan

Ejaz Ur Rehman1, Shakeel Ahmad2, Fathul Bari3*, Tanveer Khan2, Naveed Ullah Khan2, Abdullah Khan4 and Romaan Hayat Khattak2

1Snow Leopard Trust, Pakistan, 4400
2Carnivore Conservation Lab, Department of Zoology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 
3Wildlife and Ecosystem Research Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Chitral 
4ABD Media, Islamabad, Pakistan, 4400
 
* Corresponding author: bari@uoch.edu.pk

Fig. 1.

Study area map and locations of nesting sites of white-throated kingfisher in the study area.

Fig. 2.

Nesting tunnel, clutch size, chicks in the tunnel and hunting activities of the white-throated kingfisher.

Fig. 3.

Pre and Post-hatching Activities Pattern of White-throated Kingfisher during the breeding period in the study area.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500

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