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Diet Composition of Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) Varies Seasonally in Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

Diet Composition of Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) Varies Seasonally in Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

Tariq Mahmood1*, Shakeela Ismail1, Faraz Akrim2, Muhammad Farooq1, Nadeem Munawar1 and Muhammad Raza Khan1

1Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
2Zoology Department, University of Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: tariqjanjua75@uaar.edu.pk

Fig. 1.

(A) Map of Pakistan showing location of Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan, (B) GIS-based map of distributional signs of grey wolf encountered in the Deosai National Park, (C) Google earth map showing locations points where different signs (scats, pug marks, dead body, snow tracks) of grey wolf were recorded. 

Fig. 2.

Average physical measurements of grey wolf scats (mean ± SE) collected from Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan. N = 36.

Fig. 3.

Hair key of domestic mammalian prey species of grey wolf in Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan. A) camel, B) domestic cow, C) donkey, D) goat, E) sheep, F) yak.

Fig. 4.

Hair key of wild mammalian prey species consumed by grey wolf in Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan. Himalayan ibex, B) Himalayan musk deer, C) house mouse, D) markhor E) golden marmot, F) Asian palm civet, G) Royale’s pika.

Fig. 5.

Winter and summer diet of grey wolf in Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500

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