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Correlation Analysis between Exon 4 of ESR1 Gene and Carcass Traits in Egg Quail

PJZ_53_2_761-764

Correlation Analysis between Exon 4 of ESR1 Gene and Carcass Traits in Egg Quail

Jun Yan Bai*, Zhi Hao Dong, Hui Rong Gong, Xiao Ning Lu and Zi Heng Li

College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of estrogen receptor gene (ESR1) polymorphism on the carcass traits of laying quail. The polymorphism of ESR1 gene exon 4 in three laying quail populations was detected by PCR product sequencing, and the correlation between ESR1 gene and carcass traits of laying quail was analyzed. The results show that, Exon 4 of ESR1 gene among Beijing white quail, the pectora weight and pectoral muscle rate of CC genotype was significantly higher than that of CT and TT genotype(P<0.05). Among Korean quail, the body weight and carcass weight of CC genotype were significantly higher than that of CT and TT genotype(P<0.05). It was found that exon 4 of ESR1 gene was significantly associated with body weight, carcass weight, pectora weight, pectoral muscle rate of egg quail(P<0.05).


Article Information

Received 25 December 2019

Revised 01 February 2020

Accepted 04 February 2020

Available online 26 February 2021

Authors’ Contribution

JYB conceived and designed the study and conducted the lab work. ZHD and ZHL analyzed the data and wrote the article. XNL helped in sampling. HRG helped in analysis of data.

Key words

Egg quail, Estrogen receptor gene (ESR), Correlation analysis, Carcass traits, SNP

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/20191225021218

* Corresponding author: junyanbai@163.com

0030-9923/2021/0002-0761 $ 9.00/0

Copyright 2021 Zoological Society of Pakistan



In recent years, the research of molecular marker genetic breeding is being developed, which has became an emerging technology for the breeding and improvement of quail varieties. Bai et al. (2016a, 2016b, 2016c, 2016d, 2017) Analyzed the polymorphism of quail population by using microsatellite markers and EST-SSR markers. Zhang et al. (2013) research shows that, the expression of MC1R was higher in black plumage quails than that in maroon plumage quails, whereas the expression of ASIP was higher in maroon plumage quails than that in black plumage quails Bai et al. (2019, 2016d). It is concluded that the black plumage colour in Japanese quails may be caused by either increased production of MC1R or decreased production of ASIP. Li et al. (2019) indicated that the black plumage color may be caused by increased production of MC1R and the white plumage color may be caused by increased production of ASIP in Japanese quail. Rasul et al. (2019) analyzed the effects of different anti stress agents on the growth and meat quality of Japanese quail. Sanches et al. (2019) analyzed the cashew shell technology in the diet of meat quail. ESR gene, which is also called estrogen receptor gene, is a kind of nucleic acid receptor in the family of activated transcription factors which is combined with specific hormone response DNA element. Many scholars have carried out the research work of ESR1 gene in human, pig, chicken, cattle, sheep, guinea pig, etc., but the correlation analysis between ESR1 gene and carcass traits of quail has not been reported. Therefore, in order to provide a reference for marker-assisted selection of quails, the association of exon 4 of ESR1 gene with carcass traits was analyzed by using sequencing technology technique with egg quail as experimental animals.

Materials and methods

In this experiment, egg quails were 50 China quails with yellow feathers, 50 Beijing quails with white feathers and 50 Korean quails. All egg quails were females. Blood samples (5ml each) were collected at vein in wings and stored in heparin sodium anticoagulant tubes which were then kept in a refrigerator under -20oC. DNA was extracted by poultry whole blood DNA kit and kept under -20 oC.

Primers at exon 4 of ESR1 gene were designed with references to the design of Pu (2016), The primer sequence is as follows: F:CGGGCGAATGATGAAACA, R: CCCAGTTGATCATGTGCA, Size is 301bp. Primers were synthesized by Beijing Dongguo Changsheng Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Pre-denaturation at 94oC for 4 min, then denaturation at 94oC for 40 s, annealing at 58oC for 1 min, annealing at 72oC for 20 seconds, denaturation, annealing and elongation were carried out for 35 cycles, then elongation at 72oC and finally the reaction was completed and cooled and preserved at 4oC. PCR products are directly sent to Zhengzhou Dingguo biology Co., Ltd. for sequencing.

SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used to analyze the association between different genotypes and body size traits, and Duncan multiple comparison method was used to make multiple comparison. The final results were expressed in the form of mean value ± standard error.

Results and discussion

The results of PCR product detection for exon 4 of ESR1 gene were shown in Figure 1, and it can be seen that the detection results are all single band, and the size of exon 4 of ESR1 gene is consistent with the target fragment, which indicate that the quality of PCR amplification products is well up to standard. The PCR amplification products of all individuals of exon 4 of ESR1 gene were sequenced and the sequencing results were shown in Figure 2, it can be seen that in the Exon 4 of ESR1 gene, one SNP site is C50T, and three genotypes were detected.


 

Note: m is DL2000 marker, 1 is Chinese Yellow quail, 2 is Beijing white quail, 3 is Korean quail.


 

Three genotypes, CC, CT and TT, were detected in exon 4 of ESR1 gene in three quail populations, the frequency of CC genotype of ESR1 gene exon 4 was 0.273, 0.667, 0.106, and that of CT genotype was 0.318, 0.235, 0.277 and that of TT genotype was 0.409, 0.098, 0.617, respectively. The frequencies of exon 4 of ESR1 gene of T allele in China yellow quail and Korean quail were the highest (0.568, 0.755, respectively), the frequencies of exon 4 of ESR1 gene of C allele in Beijing white quail was as high as 0.784. This finding was similar to the results of Pu (2016).

The results of correlation between ESR1 exon 4 and carcass traits of quail are shown in Table I. It can be seen that Exon 4 of ESR1 gene had no significant effect on the slaughter traits of China yellow quail (P>0.05). Among Beijing white quail, the pectora weight and pectoral muscle rate of CC genotype was significantly higher than that of CT and TT genotype (P<0.05), and this rate had no significantly effects on other slaughter traits (P>0.05). Among Korean quail, the body weight and carcass weight of CC genotype were significantly higher than that of CT and TT genotype (P<0.05), and this had no significant effect on other slaughter trait (P>0.05). It was found that exon 4 of ESR1 gene was significantly associated with body weight, carcass weight, pectora weight, pectoral muscle rate of egg quail (P<0.05). Liu et al. (2017) indicated in their studies that Large White pigs of AB and BB genotypes of ESR gene produced superior total litter size and total living piglets than pigs of AA genotypes, although the differences were not statistically significant. They found that multiparous sows of BB genotypes had their total litter size and healthy piglets even 0.12 heads and 0.07 heads more respectively than that of AA genotypes, with the differences not statistically significant. Tan (2015) detected 4 SNPs in the first Exon of ESR gene in Jiaxing black pigs, but the HH genotype in A7188G locus was the only one that had litter size and total living piglets of greater than those by JJ genotype, in addition to its produced dead fetus and, in case of living piglet, the birth weight more than that by JJ genotype. As to the rest of the traits, no significant difference was observed among the various genotypes. Liu (2016) suggested that there was notable divergence in the total litter size, number of living piglets and birth weight between Jinhua sows of GG genotype and GA genotype of ESR gene. Wu (2013) carried out researche with female line of Shaobo Chicken and then found some polymorphisms at the 5’ lateral of ESR gene, and the egg yields of 43 weeks by pigs of EE and EF genotypes both were higher than that by FF genotypes. As demonstrated in this study, exon 4 of ESR1 gene went significantly correlated with the body weight, carcass weight, pectora weight, pectoral muscle rate of egg quails.

Acknowledgements

Sincere gratitude goes to the sponsor of National Natural Science Foundation (31201777) and Industry-University-Research Cooperation Project in Henan Province (152107000095.0).

 

Table I. Correlation analysis between ESR1 gene exon 4 and carcass traits of laying quail.

Carcass traits

Beijing white quail

Chinese yellow quail

Korean quail

CC

CT

TT

CC

CT

TT

CC

CT

TT

Weight(g)

139.19 ±

2.347a

133.16 ±

3.621a

135.50 ±

2.513a

136.45 ±

3.412a

134.52 ±

4.275a

144.408 ±

2.156a

160.24 ±

3.562a

144.40 ±

4.051b

143.55 ±

3.626b

Slaughter weight(g)

133.45 ±

2.315a

127.78 ±

3.023a

129.50 ±

2.672a

130.92 ±

3.165a

129.46 ±

4.023a

139.408 ±

2.512a

156.86 ±

3.512a

140.81 ±

4.451b

139.54 ±

3.497b

Eviscerated weight(g)

84.72 ±

1.324a

80.35 ±

2.583a

85.40 ±

2.401a

87.81 ±

1.634a

86.59 ±

3.142a

93.400 ±

1.946a

99.860 ±

2.832a

91.000 ±

3.801a

92.713 ±

3.740a

Heart weight(g)

1.020 ±

0.052a

0.978 ±

0.063a

1.200 ±

0.054a

1.071 ±

0.097a

1.109 ±

0.068a

1.125 ±

0.048a

1.180 ±

0.124a

1.122 ±

0.046a

1.006 ±

0.037a

Liver weight(g)

3.930 ±

0.153a

3.933 ±

0.183a

4.300 ±

0.152a

3.700 ±

0.393a

3.500 ±

0.283a

3.883 ±

0.214a

5.380 ±

0.629a

5.800 ±

1.452a

4.138 ±

0.137a

Pectora weight (total)(g)

28.860 ±

0.732a

25.122 ±

0.934b

26.000 ±

0.823b

26.886 ±

1.235a

26.427 ±

1.423a

29.425 ±

0.965a

30.340 ±

1.839a

28.533 ±

1.976a

29.425 ±

1.216a

Leg muscle weight (single)(g)

7.195 ±

0.148a

7.178 ±

0.381a

7.800 ±

0.210a

7.314 ±

0.371a

7.445 ±

0.324a

7.667 ±

0.221a

8.020 ±

0.174a

7.578 ±

0.321a

7.519 ±

0.292a

Slaughter rate(%)

95.863 ±

0.135a

95.955 ±

0.159a

95.572 ±

0.145a

95.966 ±

0.176a

96.203 ±

0.183a

96.515 ±

0.214a

97.884 ±

0.103a

97.510 ±

0.299a

97.233 ±

0.140a

Eviscerating percentage(%)

60.933 ±

0.591a

60.403 ±

1.404a

63.026 ±

0.743a

64.502 ±

1.265a

64.432 ±

1.084a

64.768 ±

1.217a

62.369 ±

1.707a

63.010 ±

1.826a

64.356 ±

1.177a

Heart rate(%)

1.211 ±

0.063a

1.217 ±

0.068a

1.405 ±

0.061a

1.217 ±

0.100a

1.285 ±

0.064a

1.207 ±

0.049a

1.176 ±

0.100a

1.243 ±

0.054a

1.103 ±

0.047a

Liver rate(%)

4.659 ±

0.188a

4.936 ±

0.269a

5.035 ±

0.192a

4.232 ±

0.463a

4.029 ±

0.262a

4.172 ±

0.265a

5.379 ±

0.562a

6.740 ±

0.324a

4.575 ±

0.244a

Pectoral muscle rate (total)(%)

34.013 ±

0.550a

31.276 ±

0.647b

30.445 ±

0.598b

30.654 ±

1.382a

30.429 ±

0.819a

31.481 ±

0.714a

30.475 ±

1.998a

31.080 ±

1.001a

31.812 ±

0.624a

Leg muscle ratio (single)(%)

16.991 ±

0.251a

17.858 ±

0.630a

18.267 ±

0.432a

16.647 ±

0.709a

17.179 ±

0.419a

16.417 ±

0.322a

16.133 ±

0.699a

16.682 ±

0.365a

16.253 ±

0.204a

 

Statement of conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of intesest.

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