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Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Depicts Candidate Genes Involved in Skin Color Differentiation in Red Tilapia

Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Depicts Candidate Genes Involved in Skin Color Differentiation in Red Tilapia

Jinzhao He1, Pengfei Feng2, Junqi Qin2, Yun Teng1, Xu Luo2*, Zigui Chen1*, Huawei Ma2* and Dayan Zhou1

1Breeding Laboratory, Guangxi Aquatic Products Introduction and Breeding Center, 30 Baisha Avenue, Jiangnan District, Nanning 530031, China.
2Biotechnology Laboratory, Guangxi Academy of Fishery Sciences, No. 8 Qingshan Road, Qingxiu District, Nanning 530021, China.
 
Jinzhao He, Pengfei Feng and Junqi Qin have contributed equally as first co-authors.
 
* Corresponding authors: 260229251@qq.com; 0czg@163.com; ma463543285@126.com

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the genetic molecular mechanism of body color differentiation and variation of red tilapia, selecting the main genes related to the variation and cultivating the pure and stable red tilapia variety. The effects of different temperature treatments on body color and survival of Guam red tilapia, pearl white red tilapia and Florida red tilapia were compared. Besides, comparative transcriptome analysis was used to screen the candidate genes linked to the skin color differentiation of pearl white red tilapia. Among them, the body color of Guam red tilapia changed when the water temperature dropped to 16-14°C, and continued to drop to about 11°C, it was discolored in a large area reaching above 90%. According to the differential analysis: Tyrosine Kinase STYK1, HSP70, HSP30 and Transcription factor Sp6 expressions were significantly increased in the low temperature group, while MC1R, Transcription factor (MafB, jun-D, AP-1, E2F5, ETV6, Sp9, Sp7, E2F1, Sp4) expressions were notably decreased. Further, the color variation of red tilapia at low temperature may result from the change of tyrosine activity in the body. The in-depth study of its regulatory mechanism contributes to understanding the genetic mechanism of red tilapia and improving the body shape.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500

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