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Citrullus colocynthis: A Treasure of Phytochemical, Pharmacological, Pesticidal and Nematicidal Compounds

Citrullus colocynthis: A Treasure of Phytochemical, Pharmacological, Pesticidal and Nematicidal Compounds

Sonam Khatri1, Shaheen Faizi2, Shahina Fayyaz1 and Erum Iqbal1*

1National Nematological Research Centre (NNRC), University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan; 2Husein Ebrahim Jamal (HEJ) Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Erum Iqbal, National Nematological Research Centre (NNRC), University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan; Email: erum_i@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Food security and sustainiblity in agriculture is greatly devastated by the emergence of phytonematodes triggering huge yield losses worldwide. Traditionally, synthetic chemicals are widely and commonly used to combat nematode pests; however, the chemical poses negative impact on environment and biodiversity which create urgency in development of an alternative biosafe measure to control these pests. In this regards, researchers have focused on the use of phytopesticides which are eco-friendly and easily accessible and degradable in soil as compared to synthetic chemcials. The given information in this review article highlights the importance of Citrullus colocynthis L. Schrad as a promising biological and pesticidal agent useful for the treatment of various medicinal ailments as well as reducing different pests that are harmful for the crop yield and emphasize the need to utilize the useful effect of this plant against nematodes. Phytochemistry of the C. colocynthis and the secondary metabolites isolated from the plant i.e. alcohols, esters, fatty acids terpenes, flavonoids and steroids are assembled in this article which further provide a basis for a noteworthy nematicidal effect.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Nematology

December

Vol. 39, Iss. 2, Pages 68-159

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