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β casein Polymorphism in Indigenous and Exotic Cattle Breeds of Pakistan

β casein Polymorphism in Indigenous and Exotic Cattle Breeds of Pakistan

Shakila Mumtaz1, Khalid Javed1, Muhammad Dawood1*, Muhammad Imran2, Asad Ali1 and Nazia Ramzan1

1Department of Livestock Production, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ravi Campus Pattoki, Pakistan
2Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
* Corresponding author:


Milk composition depends largely on the breed’s genetics and ration fed. Different proteins can be found in milk. Beta-caseins are thought to be more important because some serious health-related issues in humans have been reported with the consumption of A1 milk (mutated casein variant). This study was planned to investigate the polymorphism in the beta-casein gene (CSN2) in Sahiwal (40), American Holstein Friesian (40) and the crossbred (Sahiwal × HF) (50). PCR-RFLP and conformational sequencing were performed to investigate the beta-casein polymorphism. Results of the present study showed that there was not any mutated genotype (A1A1) available in all of the three breeds. All three breeds possess dominant genotype A2A2 with genotypic frequency (0.925, 0.4, 0.64) respectively and we have also found some heterozygous genotypes A1A2 in all breeds with genotypic frequency (0.075, 0.6, 0.36) respectively. Findings of the present study revealed that A2 (the dominant allele) is present with a pretty much higher frequency (0.9625, 0.7, 0.82) in all the three studied breeds and the mutated allele A1 is present with very low allelic frequency (0.037, 0.3, 0.18).


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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001


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