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Bubalus platyceros (Bovidae: Mammalia) in the Sardhok Pabbi Hills of Pakistan

Bubalus platyceros (Bovidae: Mammalia) in the Sardhok Pabbi Hills of Pakistan

Muhammad Khaled Siddiq1, Muhammad Adeeb Babar1,2*, Muhammad Akbar Khan1, Muhammad Umar Ijaz3,Sayyed Ghyour Abbas1, Muhammad Asim1Asif Mahmood Qureshi4, Mahboob Iqbal4 and Muhammad Akhtar4

1Dr. Abu Bakr Fossil Display and Research Centre, Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Quid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
2Departmentof Zoology, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan
3 Departmentof Zoology , Wildlife and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
4Zoology Department, Minhaj University Lahore, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author:

Fig. 1.

Pencil sketch of the upper 2nd molar, lower 3rd premolar and 3rd molar of Bu. platyceros, showing the terminology used in the text.

Fig. 2.

Bubalus platyceros, selected specimens: 1. PUPC 66/16, rM2; 2. PUPC 67/303, rM2; 3. PUPC 67/264, lM3; 4. PUPC 66/102, rp3; 5. PUPC 66/141, rm1; 6. PUPC 66/15, rm2; 7. PUPC 13/54, lm3. Views: a, occlusal; b, lingual; c, labial. Scale bar 10 mm.

Fig. 3.

Bubalus platyceros: PUPC 10/01, right hemimandible with p2-m3. a, occlusal view; b, lingual view; b1, outline of the symphyseal surface; b2, outline of the posterior aspect of the ramus; c, labial view. Scale bar 30 mm.

Fig. 4.

Bivariate plots of upper and lower molars of Bu. platyceros, Bu. palaeindicus, and Bu. bubalus (extant).

Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 54, Iss. 1, Pages 1-501


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