Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Birth Processes and Related Behaviors of Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkeys in Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve

Birth Processes and Related Behaviors of Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkeys in Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve

Mei Zhao1,2, Xiaoqin Zeng1, Wancai Xia1, Baoping Ren3,4, Hao Feng1, Fan Wang1, Qihai Zhou5,6* and Dayong Li1,7*

1Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation (Ministry of Education), China West Normal University, Nanchong 637009, Sichuan Province, China
2Department of Basic Medical Biology, Medical College of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637007, Sichuan Province, China
3Key Laboratory for Ecology of Tropical Islands (Ministry of Education), Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, Hainan Province, China
4Key Laboratory of Tropical Animal and Plant Ecology of Hainan Province, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, Hainan Province, China
5Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Ministry of Education), Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541001, Guangxi Province, China
6Guangxi Key Laboratory of Rare and Endangered Animal Ecology, Guangxi Normal Univeristy, Guilin 541001, Guangxi Province, China
7Institute of Rare Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637009, Sichuan Province, China.
 
Mei Zhao and Xiaoqin Zeng contributed equally to the paper.
 
* Corresponding author: 980119lsc@163.com, zhouqh@ioz.ac.cn

Fig. 1.

Postbirth behavior of Rhinopithecus bieti. (1) The birth tree. (2) The placenta, still on the branch where birth occurred. (3) XH embraced the infant and carried it to the ground. (4) LX eating for the first time after giving birth, one hour later. (5) XH nursing the infant. LX smelled her baby while it was in XH’s arms. (6) XH, still holding QJ, left LX. (7) XH kidnapped the infant from ML, who had been grooming it. The infant’s umbilical cord is barely visible. (8) CH grooming the infant.

Fig. 2.

Changes in LK prior to giving birth on March 15, 2017. (a) The vulva started to become red on February 25, 2017. (b) The vulva was redder, with a raised pattern, on February 26, 2017. (c) The vulva was bright red and protruded when LK sat on branch on March 8, 2017. (d) Transparent fluid was visible dripping from the vulva at 15:02 on March 14, 2017. (e) The vaginal orifice was black and wet at 16:02 on March 14, 2017, but she had yet to show discomfort. As the OMU went to feed, LK moved on the ground cautiously. (f) The engorged breast, with protruding nipple. (g) The vulva, covered with blood after giving birth. (h) LK embracing the infant with both hands in the early morning.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe