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A Step Towards Conserving Biodiversity in Human-Dominated Landscapes: Habitat Evaluation for Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in North-Western Pakistan

A Step Towards Conserving Biodiversity in Human-Dominated Landscapes: Habitat Evaluation for Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in North-Western Pakistan

Romaan Hayat Khattak1, Shakeel Ahmed2, Liwei Teng1,3* and Zhensheng Liu1,3*

1 College of Wildlife and Protected Areas, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, P.R. China
2Carnivore Conservation Lab, Department of Zoology, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
3Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Harbin, 150040, P.R. China
 
*    Corresponding author: zhenshengliu@163.com, tenglw1975@163.com

Fig. 1.

Study area map, depicting recorded presence and protected areas in the study area.

Fig. 2.

(A) Red fox photographed in the study area (Photo credit: Abdul Hadi), (B) Red fox scat in the study area.

Fig. 3.
ROC verification of distribution of suitable red fox habitat in the study area.
Fig. 4.

Response curves of predictors for red fox occurrence in the study area. The red curves show the mean response of the five replicate MaxEnt runs, while the mean +/− one standard deviation is indicated by blue (two shades for categorical variables). The predicted value of habitat suitability (logistic output) is shown on the Y-axis, while the range of the environmental predictors is shown on the X-axis. 

Fig. 5.

Jackknife test of regularized training gain of variables tested in the red fox habitat suitability model.

Fig. 6.

Distribution of different types of habitats in the study area based on MaxEnt modeling using presence-only data.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 1, pp. 01-501

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