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A Review of White Mango Scale (Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead; Hemiptera: Diaspididae) in Sub-Saharan Africa: Distribution, Impact and Management Strategies

Hillary M.O. Otieno

Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, Nairobi.

 
*Correspondence | Hillary M.O. Otieno, Department of Plant Science and Crop Protection, University of Nairobi, Nairobi; Email: hillarymoo@yahoo.com

Figure 1:

Global distribution map of White mango scale (A. tubercularis Newstead) pest, represented by the orange dots. Adapted from CABI, 2019.

Figure 2:

Mango white scale (A. tubercularis): A= A group of male covers with one female cover (lower right); B= High resolution female white cover; C= High resolution male and female white scale. Photo source: John W. Dooley, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org.

Figure 3:

Africa distribution map of White mango scale (A. tubercularis Newstead) pest, represented by the orange dots. Adapted from: CABI, 2019.

Figure 4:

Damages caused by white mango scale on mango: 4A: attack on mango seedling stem; 4b: attack on mango leaves; 6a and 7d: attack on mango fruits. Adapted from: Fita, 2014.

Figure 5:

Efficacy comparison; the percentage mortality of white mango scale pests as affected by different pesticides under wide range conditions.

Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

March

Vol. 34, Iss. 1, Pages 1-253

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