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Prevalence and Risk Factors Analysis of Bovine Foot Diseases in Certain Milk Pocket Areas of Sirajganj District, Bangladesh

Prevalence and Risk Factors Analysis of Bovine Foot Diseases in Certain Milk Pocket Areas of Sirajganj District, Bangladesh

Md. Zubael Islam, Rukhsana Amin Runa and Md. Mahmudul Alam* 

Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202.

mahmuddso2004@gmail.com 

ABSTRACT

Shahjadpur dairy area of Sirajganj district plays a significant role to meet the demand for milk in Bangladesh. However, due to foot diseases the farmers face a considerable amount of economic loss. The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of foot diseases in cattle and also to explore the risk factors having a promoting role in developing foot affections in three unions (Potazia, Jalalpur, and Kaijuri) of Shahjadpur Upazila. Foot affections were physically investigated and examined from May to October 2019 and a total of 257 surgical affections were recorded, among them 46 cattle were diagnosed as different foot diseases. Among different surgical affections, the prevalence of foot diseases was as high as 17.89%. The most common foot affection was FMD (23.91%) which was followed by Laminitis (17.39%), Footrot (15.22%), Sole ulcer (13.04%), Interdigital dermatitis (10.87%), Upward patellar fixation (10.87%) and Digital dermatitis (8.69%). The highest prevalence of foot diseases was recorded in female animals (56.52%). The indigenous cattle were comparatively resistant to foot diseases than crossbred animals. One to two years old cattle were mostly affected in our investigation. In the rainy season, FMD, laminitis, and sole ulcer were more common compared to those in winter and summer. The prevalence of foot diseases was higher in the stall housing system (56.52%) compared to the open pack housing system (43.48%). This study highlights the prevalence and potential risk factors of bovine foot diseases in certain areas of Sirajgang district. It is recommended that further robust studies are required to address the foot disease burden in lactating cows. 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 52, Iss. 4, Pages 1225-1630

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