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Prevalence of Eating Disorders in University Going Students of Islamabad/ Rawalpindi

Prevalence of Eating Disorders in University Going Students of Islamabad/ Rawalpindi

Juweria Abid1, Hooria Latif2, Amir Sohail2, Saroosh Fatima Tahir Syed2, Shakeel Ahmad3, Tooba Asif4 and Muhammad Farooq5*

1NUMS Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, National University of Medical Sciences Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Islamabad Campus; 3Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China; 4University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Islamabad Campus; 5College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, PR China.

 
*Correspondence | Muhammad Farooq, College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, PR China; Email: Farooq.fst28@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The current data and researches show a greater increase in eating disorders all around the world from the past fifty years specifically in the adolescents’ age group including psychological health i.e., excessive dieting, stress from educational and academic pressure which makes them susceptible to extreme malnourishment. The sample consisted of 450 university students aged 20 to 25 years. It was observed that majority of the students were day-scholars (59.8%) due to which their daily eating routine was normal i.e. three meals per day and BMI ranges were found to be normal (18.5 to 25 kg/m2) in most of subjects which show no prominent presence of any eating disorder. But some minor eating abnormalities were detected in their eating behaviors. The tradition of only one snack consumption per day was found (42.9%) and food cravings were also more prevalent with a percentage of about 78.4%. Their anxiety about body weight and shape was also found to be higher (56.9%). Overall, the ratio of smoking in students was less but it predominated in male students. And majority of students (40.7%) were having a sedentary lifestyle while 40.4% with moderate physical activity. SCOFF questionnaire results showed 90% of positive results while the 10% of the population need further examination. The collected data results were mostly positive for example normal BMI ranges were found with a percentage of 57.3, the rate of binge eating in shorter periods was found to be rare and also no prominent binge eating was noticed during exam days which means no notable presence of any Eating Disorder was found but some factors like cravings for food, negative influence of peer pressure on eating habits (54.9%) and less physical activity etc. need further to be investigated for better understanding.

 

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Journal of Innovative Sciences

June

Vol. 8, Iss. 1, Pages 1-145

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