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Host Plant Selection Affects Biological Parameters in Armyworm, Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Host Plant Selection Affects Biological Parameters in Armyworm, Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Asad Abdullah, Muhammad Irfan Ullah*, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Arshad and Muhammad Afzal

Department of Entomology, University of Sargodha, 40100, Sargodha

*      Corresponding author: muhammad.irfanullah@uos.edu.pk

 

Fig. 1.

Egg masses and total eggs per three females Spodoptera litura on four host plants in comparison to artificial diet, same letters over the five bars in each figure indicates that the means are not significantly different at P > 0.05.

Fig. 2.

Percentage adult emergence of Spodoptera litura on host plants in comparison to artificial diet, same letters over the bars indicates that the means are not significantly different at P > 0.05.

Fig. 3.

Adult S. litura life span on host plants in comparison to artificial diet, same letters over the bars for each color indicates that the means are not significantly different at P > 0.05.

Fig. 4.

The relationship between fitness indicators of the S. litua and suitability of the host plant→change trend of fitness indicators of S. litura→change trend of host suitability from unsuitable to suitable, L= low and H=high.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 51, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2399

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