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Hematological Profile of Achai Cows during Different Stages of Pregnancy in Kohistan Hindukush Mountainous Range

Hematological Profile of Achai Cows during Different Stages of Pregnancy in Kohistan Hindukush Mountainous Range

Jawad Ahmad1, Huang Yun-He2, Arab Hussain1, Amjadullah1, Ahmad Yar1, Subhanullah1, Zeshan Ali1, Hamid Sattar3, Tariq Hussain3, Hamayun Khan3, Ali Gohar6, Obaidullah4, Nan Zhu Fang5, Yanya Fang5, Ihsan Ali3* and Zhongshu Li5,*

1Government Post Graduate College, Charsada, Pakistan.
2Animal Husbandry and Veterinary General Station of Yongji Country, Jilin, China 132200. 
3Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan.
4Veterinary Research Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan.
5Laboratory of Animal Genetic Breeding and Reproduction, Agriculture College of Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China.
6College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan.
 
Jawad Ahmad and Huang Yun-He contributed equally to this work.
 
* Corresponding author: lizhongshu@ybu.edu.cn, Ihsanali38@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy is a common situation and concurrently the most altered physiologic state consisting of variety of physiological and hormonal changes. These changes begin after conception which alters the normal physiological status of blood. The present study was conducted to evaluate changes in hematological biomarkers of Achi cows at different stages of pregnancy. Forty multiparous cows with 4 ± 1 years of age and live weight of 188.23 ± 2.6 to 207.13 ± 2.59 kg of different stages of pregnancy were divided into four groups (Group1=1sttrimester Group 2= 2ndtrimester and Group 3= 3rd trimester, Group 4= non-pregnant). Blood samples were collected from all the animals and assayed for hematological biomarkers like erythrogram, leukogram and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were determined during three stages of pregnancy. The highest RBC count was recorded in group 4, The highest Hb, MCH and MCV was recorded in group 3. The lymphocytes and neutrophils were high in group 2 and group 3 respectively as compare to other groups, the leukocytes was low in group 4 and high in other groups, the eosinphil was high in group 3 where the monocytes was high in group 1 and group 3 as compared to other groups. The ESR was high in group 2 and low in group 4 as compare to other groups.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500

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