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Bovine and Caprine Brucellosis Detected by Milk Indirect ELISA and Milk Ring Test in Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan

Bovine and Caprine Brucellosis Detected by Milk Indirect ELISA and Milk Ring Test in Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan

Mudussar Nawaz1, Iahtasham Khan2, Muhammad Shakeell*, Arfan Yousaf1, Zahid Naseer1, Munibullah1, Ali Zohaib3, Riaz Hussain4 and Qudrat Ullah5

1Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2Section of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore Sub-Campus Jhang, Pakistan
3Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China 
4University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia Univeristy of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
5Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author: muhammad.shakeel@uaar.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis are important zoonotic pathogens. Brucellosis is an occupational hazard for veterinarians and animal handlers. The current work aimed to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in buffaloes and goats of Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan. A total of 341 milk samples from buffaloes (n=180) and goats (n=161) were screened by (Milk Ring Test) MRT and milk i-ELISA for anti-Brucella antibodies. Higher prevalence was found in buffaloes (5.6% and 16.1%) than in goat (4.97% and 1.9%) both through MRT and i-ELISA respectively. Commercial production and old age were important risk factors for spread of brucellosis both in goats and buffaloes. A history of abortion was significantly associated (P<0.05) with Brucella positive MRT and milk i-ELISA tests. In contrast, history of stillbirth had no significant association with anti-Brucella antibody titers. In conclusion, brucellosis is prevalent in Islamabad Capital Territory.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 53, Iss. 1, Pages 1-400

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