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Beekeeping in Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan: Opportunities and Constraints

Beekeeping in Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan: Opportunities and Constraints

Wali Khan1, Naushad Khan2 and Shaista Naz2*

1NTFP Development Officer at Bajaur Agency, Pakistan; 2Institute of Development Studies, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, Pakistan.

shaista_268@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

This study intended to assess the contributions of beekeeping with respect to challenges and opportunities in Bajaur Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. For this, through purposive sampling technique a sample size of 80 bee keepers was selected from the three tehsils of the agency (i.e; Khar, Salarzai, and Nawagai). The data were collected from the sampled bee keepers using a pretested questionnaire by face to face interview in 2014 production period. The collected data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, descriptive statistics, rank orders and paired t-test. Findings revealed that bee keeping is one of the important economic activities in the area with an average annual income of Rs. 527,275/- per household. Results of paired t-test confirmed that beekeeping has significant effect on household income. On average of 2 family members per household were engaged in the beekeeping activity. It also provided multiple sources of employment mainly in honey transportation and marketing, thus beekeeping not only served as an income generating activity but also an employment generating activity in present and in future. The major constraints in beekeeping were the expensive inputs, pest attack, lack of modern production and rearing techniques, and trainings which can be overcome by a comprehensive program focusing on the provision of low cost inputs, pesticides/insecticides, modern techniques and trainings, and value chain market facilities at the local and regional level. 

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture (Associated Journal)

September

Vol. 33, Iss. 3, Pages 338-500

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