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Bacterial Leaf Blight of Rice: An Overview of Epidemiology and Management with Special Reference to Indian Sub-Continent

Bacterial Leaf Blight of Rice: An Overview of Epidemiology and Management with Special Reference to Indian Sub-Continent

Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi* 

Department of Plant Pathology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

atifnaqvi@bzu.edu.pk  

ABSTRACT

This is a status review article on the destructive bacterial blight disease of rice, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, in rice producing areas. This article comprehensively reviews the etiology, symptomatology, pathogen biology, disease development, disease cycle, epidemics and epidemiology, geographical distribution and strategies for the disease management viz., exploitation of host plant resistance, cultural, physical, chemical and biological control. Studies on pathogen variation have revealed that breeding with single major gene for resistance may be unsuccessful due to breakdown in resistance. Up to this extent, multi cropping using resistant varieties appears to be better option for the disease’s management. Evidence from my laboratory suggest that biological control is the best option having ecofriendly activities for the management either using botanicals or through some biological agents. Formulations of various botanicals along with biological agents may be commercializing to help farmers to combat the disease. There is a need to use environmentally safe approaches to overcome the loss of grain yield in rice due to this disease. Climate change has a serious effect on this disease because in current scenarios cropping pattern has been changed and the stakeholders has shifted to some other crops rather the practicing ones. Since, farming community has adopted rice crop in non-core areas of Indian Sub-continent where it was out of question before this. Climate change has a drastic effect for the development of this disease and still there are no remedies to tackle this problem. Environmental issues are also needed to be addressed in the future research agenda of this disease.
 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

June

Vol. 32, Iss. 2, Pages 218-415

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