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Association Analysis between Exon II of GH Gene and Growth Traits in Sheep

PJZ_54_4_1965-1967

Association Analysis between Exon II of GH Gene and Growth Traits in Sheep

Junyan Bai*, Jingyun Li, Yu Chen, Zhihao Dong, Youbing Yang and Ying Lei

College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and

Technology, Luoyang 471023, China

ABSTRACT

SSCP were employed to investigate the genetic polymorphism of sheep GH gene and to analyze the correlation of genetic polymorphic sites with growth traits. The results showed that AA, AB and BB genotypes were detected in exon II of GH gene in the six sheep populations. The highest frequencies of AB genotype detected in Mongolia sheep, Small-tailed han sheep, Tong sheep, Lanzhou large-tailed sheep and Henan large-tailed Han sheep were 0.375, 0.531, 0.545, 0.350 and 0.596, respectively, and the highest frequency of BB genotype in Yuxi fatty-tailed sheep was 0.378. Exon II of GH gene was significantly correlated with body weight, carcass weight, chest width and hip height (P<0.05). Moreover body weight and carcass weight of AB genotype were significantly higher than those of AA and BB genotypes (P<0.05) and chest width and hip height of AB genotype were remarkably higher than those of AA genotype (P<0.05).


Article Information

Received 09 June 2020

Revised 30 July 2020

Accepted 08 August 2020

Available online 08 October 2021

(early access)

Published 26 April 2022

Authors’ Contribution

JB conceived and designed the

study and conducted the lab work. ZD and YC analyzed the data and

wrote the article. YL and YY

helped in sampling. JL helped in

analysis of data.

Key words

Sheep, GH gene, Growth traits, SSCP, Association analysis

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/20200609000608

* Corresponding author: byezi@163.com

0030-9923/2022/0004-1965 $ 9.00/0

Copyright 2022 by the authors. Licensee Zoological Society of Pakistan.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).



As the major gene influencing animal growth traits, GH gene has functions of improving feed conversion and promoting protein synthesis in muscle. Warwick et al. (1984) cloned GH gene of sheep for the first time and positioned it on chromosome11. The GH gene of sheep consists of five exons (the lengths of which were 13, 161, 117, 162 and 198 bp, respectively) and four introns (the lengths of which were 246, 231, 227 and 273 bp, respectively). Goat GH gene was positioned on chromosome 12, and its length is largely identical to that of sheep GH gene. Afifi et al. (2019) found that intron II, intron III and exon IV of GH gene had significant correlations with milk yield of Najdi sheep. Henan large-tailed han sheep, small-tailed han sheep and Yuxi fatty-tailed sheep are excellent local sheep breeds in Henan Province, especially Henan large-tailed han sheep and small-tailed han sheep have the characteristics of multiple lambs (Bai et al., 2014, 2016, 2017, 2020). Hence, the polymorphisms of GH gene in six sheep populations were detected in this study, and further association analysis between GH gene polymorphisms and growth traits were performed, aiming at providing a theoretical basis for marker assisted selection and further variety breeding of sheep.

Materials and methods

Fifty sheep were sampled for each breed, 10 mL of jugular venous blood was collected in the presence of anticoagulant ACD from each sheep and preserved at -20 oC. Genomic DNA was extracted by the whole-blood DNA kit (Shanghai Bioengineering Co., Ltd.). The primer sequences of exon II of GH gene are as follows: F: TCTAGGACACATCTCTGGGG, R: CTCTCCCTAGGGCCCCGGAC (Hu et al., 2007) and the annealing temperature is 57 oC.

Seven μL of each PCR product was mixed with 13 μL of loading buffer containing. After denaturation at 94°C for 5 min and snap-cooling on a freeze-block (-20°C), 20μL of each sample was loaded onto a 0.5×MDE gel and subjected to electrophoresis in a Mini-Protean 3 Cell (Bio-Rad, USA) at 120 V and 20°C for 5 h using 0.5×TBE as the buffer. After electrophoresis, gels were stained with ethidium bromide for 1 h and photographed using ultraviolettransillumination.

SPSS17.0 statistical software was used to analyze the association between different genotypes and growth traits, and Duncan multiple comparison method was used to make multiple comparison. The final results were expressed in the form of mean value + standard error.

Results and discussion

The PCR amplification results of exon II of GH gene

 

Table I. Genetic polymorphism of exon II of GH gene in sheep.

Population

Genotype frequency

Gene frequency

Population genetic polymorphism

AA

AB

BB

A

B

Heterozygosity

Polymorphism information content

Number of effective alleles

Mongolia sheep

0.313

0.375

0.312

0.500

0.500

0.500

0.375

2.000

Small-tailed han sheep

0.281

0.531

0.188

0.547

0.453

0.496

0.373

1.982

Tong sheep

0.364

0.545

0.091

0.636

0.364

0.463

0.356

1.862

Yuxi fatty-tailed sheep

0.311

0.311

0.378

0.467

0.533

0.498

0.374

1.991

Lanzhou large-tailed sheep

0.350

0.350

0.300

0.525

0.475

0.499

0.374

1.995

Henan large-tailed han sheep

0.213

0.596

0.191

0.511

0.489

0.500

0.375

1.999

 

in five sheep populations are shown in Figure 1. PCR product was subjected to SSCP. According to Figure 2 three genotypes were detected by exon II of GH gene in sheep, being AA, AB and BB, respectively.

 

 

Table I shows that the highest AB genotype frequencies in Mongolia sheep, small-tailed han sheep, Tong sheep, Lanzhou large-tailed sheep and Henan large-tailed han sheep were 0.375, 0.531, 0.545, 0.350 and 0.596, respectively, and the BB genotype frequency was the highest in Yuxi fatty-tailed sheep (0.378). The genetic heterozygosity values were the same in Mongolia sheep and Henan large-tailed han sheep, both being 0.500, and the polymorphic information contents in the two sheep populations were also the highest (0.375), namely genetic diversity of Mongolia sheep and Henan large-tailed han sheep was quite abundant.

As an important candidate gene, GH gene has been reported largely. Zhou et al. (2009) found that G→C mutation occurred at the 11th site of exon II of GH gene in Hainan black goat, which led to change of coding amino acid, three genotypes including AA, AB and BB were detected in exon II of GH gene. Li (2007) found that AA and AB genotypes of exon II of GH gene could be detected in three goat populations. Marques et al. (2003) found that A/B genotype was detected from exon II of GH gene in Jarlnelistae goat population. Hu et al. (2007) detected AB and BB genotypes from exon II of GH gene in five goat populations. Han (2016) detected three genotypes from exon II of GH gene in China Tibetan sheep, and found a g.498G>C mutation site. In this study, AA, AB and BB genotypes were detected from exon II of GH gene in the three sheep populations, and the sequencing results indicated that exon II of GH gene experienced G→C mutation, which was according to the study result of Han (2016).

It can be seen from Table II that body weight and carcass weight of AB genotype were significantly higher than those of AA and BB genotypes (P<0.05), and AA and BB genotypes had no significant differences in the body weight and carcass weight (P>0.05). Chest width and hip height of AB genotype were remarkably higher than those of AA genotype (P<0.05), but AB genotype and BB genotype had insignificant differences in the aspect of chest width and hip height (P>0.05). Therefore, exon II of GH gene had no significant influence on other growth traits (P>0.05). Abdelmoneim et al. (2017) indicated that intron II, intron IV and exon IV of GH gene had significant correlations with 120d body weight and daily weight gain of Harri sheep. The study by Han (2016) manifested that exon II (g.498G>C) of GH gene was significantly correlated with sheep body weight in all of the three sheep populations. The study by Yousefi et al. (2012) showed that exon V of GH gene had no remarkable influence on one-year-old body weight of Zel sheep. The study by Hu et al. (2007) indicated that exon II of GH gene had no significant correlation with body weight, body height and chest circumference of Xinong Saanen dairy goat. This study pointed out that exon II of GH gene had significant correlations with body weight, carcass weight, chest width and hip height of sheep (P<0.05), and AB genotype showed certain advantages, and this study result was similar to that of Han (2016).

 

Table II. Correlation analysis between exon II of GH gene and growth traits in sheep.

Growth traits

AA

AB

BB

Body weight (g)

46.25+11.25b

54.003+1.78a

46.769+1.20b

Body height (cm)

69.00+11.00a

69.50+2.08a

65.00+3.21a

Body length (cm)

68.00+14.00a

69.47+1.76a

66.62+1.64a

Chest width (cm)

22.50+3.50b

29.24+1.23a

26.92+1.179ab

Rump height (cm)

71.00+9.00a

71.03+3.24a

68.92+1.87a

Hip height (cm)

57.00+6.00 b

69.06+1.76 a

64.23+2.27 ab

Foreleg height(cm)

22.50+4.50a

26.06+2.33a

26.08+3.01a

Head length (cm)

18.00+2.00a

21.35+0.69a

19.31+0.83a

Chest circumference (cm)

88.50+16.50a

90.68+2.14a

91.54+2.29a

Circumference of cannon bone (cm)

9.50+1.50 a

10.12+0.36a

9.23+0.34a

Rump length (cm)

22.00+1.00a

23.94+1.02a

22.54+0.93a

Neck length (cm)

22.50+3.50a

33.03+3.18a

31.54+3.02a

Waist width (cm)

22.50+5.50a

20.47+3.01a

27.08+2.88a

Hip width (cm)

21.50+2.50a

20.77+0.83a

19.39+1.05a

Chest depth (cm)

32.50+5.50a

33.94+1.11a

33.08+0.85a

Head depth (cm)

18.50+4.50a

17.35+0.69a

16.50+0.75a

Back height (cm)

68.00+8.00a

72.79+1.62a

70.00+1.63a

Carcass weight (cm)

21.00+5.50b

24.41+0.86a

20.64+1.42b

Hip circumference (cm)

92.00+8.00a

93.88+1.91a

89.46+3.74a

Abdomen circumference (cm)

98.00+17.00a

97.47+3.08a

97.62+2.72a

 

Note: different letters showed significant difference (P<0.05); the same letter showed no significant difference (P>0.05).

 

Acknowledgements

Sincere gratitude goes to the sponsor of National Natural Science Foundation (31201777).

Statement of conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.

References

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