Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 4 (1S): 09 -19. Special Issue-1 (Welfare issues, Environment, Societal learning and Innovation in Livestock Science)

Community Oriented Ectoparasite Intervention System: Concepts for On-Farm Application of Indigenous Veterinary Medication

Ravikumar RK*, Periyaveeturaman C, Selvaraju D, Amol S Kinhekar, Lopamudra Dutta, Vipin Kumar


National Innovation Foundation-India, Satellite Complex, Jodhpur Tekra, Premchand Nagar Road, Satellite, Ahmedabad 380 015, Gujarat, India.

Abstract | An experimental research study enabled livestock owners to identify and express their immediate problem which was negatively affecting welfare of their livestock. Members of a village community in Gandhinagar district of Gujarat, India perceived ectoparasite infestation as a major problem in their livestock herds, which was generally not focussed upon by the stakeholders. Farming community looked for a change and keenly took up on-farm experimentation upon finding successful clinical evidence of the medication. A farmer assessment method was derived in consultation with research team as livestock owners had adequate knowledge of disease and welfare of animals. After noticing improvement in their animals they convened a meeting to share their findings. These feedbacks lead to continuation experimentation throughout the trial period of 21 days. The study showcased a method of mobilizing communities for health care intervention in livestock production system. This non-linear innovation system has provided necessary opportunity to the livestock farmers, to be a part of research system. This has led to desirable exchange of knowledge and derived benefit through implementation. Further, research has demonstrated an effective indigenous medication to overcome most resistant ectoparasite affecting livestock worldwide. The indigenous medication had significantly reduced tick infestation and protected the affected animals by minimizing skin lesions. During the 21-day observation period reoccurrence of tick infestation was not noticed. Sustainable agriculture and livestock productivity can be promoted through this environment friendly, cost-effective indigenous knowledge system. These measures of intervention have to be dovetailed into existing animal healthcare system catering to health care.

Keywords | Ectoparasite, Community, Indigenous, Sustainability, Innovation system

Editor | Alok Sharma, Professor (VMI) & Head, Dept. of Veterinary AH Extension Education, Dr. G. C. Negi College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Special Issue | 1(2016) “Welfare issues, Environment, Societal learning and Innovation in Livestock Science”

Received | December 15, 2015; Revised | January 12, 2016; Accepted | January 13, 2016; Published | January 20, 2016

*Correspondence | Ravikumar RK, National Innovation Foundation-India, Satellite Complex, Jodhpur Tekra, Premchand Nagar Road, Satellite, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; Email:

Citation | Ravikumar RK*, Periyaveeturaman C, Selvaraju D, Kinhekar AS, Dutta L, Kumar V (2016). Community oriented ectoparasite intervention system: Concepts for on-farm application of indigenous veterinary medication. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 4(1s): 9-19.

ISSN (Online) | 2307-8316; ISSN (Print) | 2309-3331

Copyright © 2016 Ravikumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 55, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2000


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