Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences
The Role of Poultry in Food Borne Salmonellosis and its Public Health Importance
Jinu Manoj1*, Manoj Kumar Singh2, Yesh Pal Singh3
1Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology; 2Livestock Production and Management; 3College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, SVPUA&T, Meerut, 250110, India.
*Correspondence | Jinu Manoj, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, SVPUA&T, Meerut, India; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Salmonella organisms are most frequently isolated bacterial agents of food borne outbreaks. Due to its economic importance and risks to human health, salmonellosis poses significant role in public health. Poultry serves as reservoir of Salmonella and poultry meat and eggs have been implicated in food associated outbreaks of salmonellosis. The presence of Salmonella in poultry makes the food chain unsafe from farm to the table. In this review, we explore various public health aspects of food borne salmonellosis originated from poultry. In India, poultry industry is one of the fastest growing segments and the factors linked to salmonellosis in poultry industry are reviewed. The sources and modes of transmission of this organism and the disease symptoms are briefly explained. Various reports of salmonellosis in poultry, with special emphasis on Indian conditions are also discussed. The emergence of multidrug resistant Salmonella is considered as a major global threat to public health, therefore, the antibiotic resistance in Salmonella serovars associated with poultry is also presented.
Keywords | Antibiotic, Poultry, Public health, Resistance, Salmonellosis, Significance
Editor | Kuldeep Dhama, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Received | April 30, 2015; Revised | July 17, 2015; Accepted | July 19, 2015; Published | July 29, 2015
Citation | Manoj J, Singh MK, SinghYP (2015). The role of poultry in food borne salmonellosis and its public health importance. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3(9): 485-490.
ISSN (Online) | 2307-8316; ISSN (Print) | 2309-3331
Copyright © 2015 Manoj et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.