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Ryan T. Cragun1*, Joseph H. Hammer2, Michael Nielsen3

...tify as nonreligious and nonspiritual. There is a need to develop a valid and reliable measure of (non)religiousness and (non)spirituality. This article discusses these problems, and presents the development and initial validation of a 17-item Nonreligious-Nonspiritual Scale (NRNSS) across three studies. The NRNSS exhibited high internal consistency (α > .94) and high test-retest reliability (r = .92). Two exploratory and one confirmatory factor ana...

Science, Religion and Culture


Vol. 5, Sp. Iss. 1 Pages 1-82


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