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Serological Prevalence of Neospora caninum in Indigenous Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Saudi Arabia

Serological Prevalence of Neospora caninum in Indigenous Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Saudi Arabia

Riyadh S. Aljumaah*, Mohammed A. Alshaikh, Abdulrahman Jarelnabi, Mutassim M. Abdelrahman and Mansour F. Hussein

Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saudi University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh, 11451 Saudi Arabia

*      Corresponding author: rjumaah@ksu.edu.sa

 

ABSTRACT

The serological prevalence of Neospora caninum in Saudi Arabian camels was determined using an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All camels tested were clinically normal. Out of 253 camels of either sex, 117 (21.99%) were found to be serologically positive to specific anti-N.caninum antibodies. Logistic regression analysis and estimation of odds ratio revealed significant association of the sex and location of the camels with N. caninum seropositivity. On the other hand, neither the breed nor age of the camels was significantly associated with seropositivity.Studies are needed to evaluate other potential risk factors and to assess the pathogenic effects and economic consequences of neosporosis in camels.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 50, Iss. 3, Pages 799-1198

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