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Response of Aloe Vera Growth and Gel Production to Organic Manures and Irrigation Intervals

Response of Aloe Vera Growth and Gel Production to Organic Manures and Irrigation Intervals

Zia Gul1, Muhammad Sajid1, Muhammad Noman Khan1*, Faheem ul Haq1, Zohra Nawaz1, Muhammad Bakhtiar2, Sajid Siddique1, Komal Aslam3 and Muhammad Irshad1

1Department of Horticulture, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 2Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Alama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan; 3Horticultural Research Institute, Ayub Agriculture Institute Faisalabad, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Muhammad Noman Khan, Department of Horticulture, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; Email: nomanhort@aup.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

An experiment on Response of Aloe vera growth and gel production to organic manures and irrigation intervals was carried out at Ornamental Nursery, Department of Horticulture during the year 2014. The experiment was consisted of two factors, Factor A was irrigation intervals I1 =15 days, I2 =30 days and I3=45 days interval which was assigned to main plots, while Factor B was organic manures (control as O1, Leaf compost (LC) as O2, Poultry manure (PM) as O3 and Mushroom compost (MC) O4) which was assigned to sub plots and each were applied at the rate of 20 tons ha-1. Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with split plot arrangement was used as an experimental design with three replications. The analysis of data showed that organic manure and irrigation intervals significantly affected most of the growth and yield parameter of Aloe vera plant. However, irrigation intervals exhibited the highest leaves (number) (9.9) plant-1, plant height (34.5 cm), leaf length (36.8cm), leaf area (173.5 cm2), leaf breadth (4.0 cm), leaf thickness (3.1 cm) leaf weight (181.3 g), number of suckers (5.5) plant-1, amount of gel (149.3 g) leaf-1, and survival percentage (80.8) was recorded when plants were irrigated at 15 days interval. While regarding organic manures, the maximum number of leaves (11.0) plant-1, plant height (41.6cm), leaf length (39.5 cm), leaf area (247.8cm2) leaf breadth (4.7 cm), leaf thickness (3.5 cm) leaf weight (207.3 g), number of suckers (4.1) plant-1, amount of gel (174.7 g) leaf-1 and survival percentage (71.5) was recorded in plants fertilized with poultry manure .The interaction of organic manures and irrigation intervals had significant affect maximum growth and yield parameters. However, poultry manure (PM) application with 15 days irrigation interval significantly increased number of leaves (11.7) plant-1, plant height (43.3 cm), leaf length (46.3 cm), leaf area (270.6 cm2), leaf breadth (5.2 cm), leaf thickness (4.0 cm), leaf weight (227.3 g), amount of gel (189.3 g) leaf-1. Results showed that poultry manure (PM) could be applied with irrigation interval of 15 days to enhance growth and gel percentage of Aloe vera under the agro-climatology of Peshawar.

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Journal of Innovative Sciences

June

Vol.9, Iss.1, Pages 1-191

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