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Resource Use Efficiency and Return to Scale Analysis in Off-Season Cucumber Production in Punjab, Pakistan

Resource Use Efficiency and Return to Scale Analysis in Off-Season Cucumber Production in Punjab, Pakistan

Qamar Ali, Muhammad Ashfaq and Muhammad Tariq Iqbal Khan

Institute of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan; 2Department of Economics, Virtual University of Pakistan, Faisalabad Campus-38000, Pakistan; 3Institute of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan; 4Department of Economics, Government Postgraduate College, Jaranwala-37200, Pakistan

qamarali2402@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Increasing concern over food security was a factor behind the estimation of resource use efficiency of crops. Present study explored the resource use efficiency and return to scale in off-season cucumber production in Punjab, Pakistan. Primary data were collected from 70 off-season cucumber growers by using simple random sampling. Cobb-Douglas was good on the basis of R2 (0.748) and f-statistics (17.505). Production elasticity was positive for education, polythene sheet, fertilizers, chemical, irrigation and labour days. Under utilization of resources was found for polythene sheet, fertilizers, chemicals, irrigation and labour days. Over utilization of resources was observed for seed quantity and use of tractor. There exist decreasing return to scale (87.7%) but its value will surely increase after efficient use of inputs. A little adjustment is required in the use of inputs for receiving more output. A comprehensive agricultural policy is required based on support price of vegetables; subsidize the input resources, improvement in vegetable markets and provision of extension services.

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

September

Vol. 35, Iss. 3, Pages 663-1019

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