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Effect of Prepartum Vitamin E and Selenium on Antibody Transfer in Colostrum and Cattle Calves

Effect of Prepartum Vitamin E and Selenium on Antibody Transfer in Colostrum and Cattle Calves

Kashif Prince1,*, Muhammad Sarwar Khan1, Muhammad Ijaz1, Aftab Ahmad Anjum2, Atif Prince3, Naimat Ullah Khan1 and Mumtaz Ali Khan1

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 
2Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 
3Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore

*      Corresponding author: kashif_prince@live.com

Fig 1

Geometric mean titer and standard deviation of FMD virus strains O, A and Asia 1 of adult cattle at day 0, 15 and 30 of parturitions (a, b and c) and Pasteurella multocida (d). Study includes seven groups: A, control; B, 45 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; C, 45 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; D, 60 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; E, 60 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; 45 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; F, 75 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; G, 75 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation. Highest antibody titer (p<0.05) was shown in group G in which VES was given along with vaccination 75 days before parturition. Very minimal antibodies were seen in control. 

Fig 2

Comparison of geometric mean titer of FMD virus strains O, A and Asia 1 (a, b and c) and Pasteurella multocida (d). Study includes seven groups: A, control; B, 45 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; C, 45 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; D, 60 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; E, 60 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; 45 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; F, 75 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; G, 75 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation. Highest antibody titer was shown at 0 and it keeps on falling till 24 h for each group. Among groups highest (p<0.05) antibody titer was observed in group G at all stages of sampling.

Fig 3

Comparison of geometric mean titer of treatment groups against FMD virus strains O, A and Asia 1 (a, b and c) and Pasteurella multocida (d). Study includes seven groups: A, control; B, 45 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; C, 45 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; D, 60 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; E, 60 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; 45 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation; F, 75 days prepartum group without vitamin E and selenium supplementation; G, 75 days prepartum group with vitamin E and selenium supplementation. At day 0 minimal number of antibodies was observed which increases suddenly and with the passage of time it starts dropping again. Highest antibody (p<0.05) titer was observed in group G at any time.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology (Associated Journals)

October

Vol. 49, Iss. 5, Pages 1547-1936

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