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Evaluation of Brucellosis as a Public Health Hazard under the Biorisk Management Perspective

Evaluation of Brucellosis as a Public Health Hazard under the Biorisk Management Perspective

 Inamullah Khan, Muhammad Subhan Qureshi, Rajwali Khan, Syed Muhammad Sohail, Ijaz Ahmad, Muhammad Shoaib and Asim Ijaz

 Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. 

rajwalikhan@aup.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

 Brucellosis is an emerging animal’s as well as human health issue and holds an important position under the Biorisk Management framework and One Health perspective. A total of 410 and 202 blood samples were collected from cattle and humans respectively. Total 40 samples of subsistence farms and 30 nomadic herds were analysed. Forty eight farm workers, 40 farm owner 36 abattoirs workers, 15 veterinary assistants, 15 veterinarian and 40 butchers were also screen out. Overall sero-prevalence in cattle was 15.36% on SPAT, 14.39% by i-ELISA and 14.14% through PCR. Higher prevalence was recorded in abattoir shops (31.01%) followed by private farms (11%) and animal selling points (9.25%). Significant difference was recorded in different breeds i.e. achai, local non-descript and crossbred (non-descript x jersey) cattle. Higher prevalence in female cattle (15.14%) was recorded as compared to male (14%). Similarly significant difference was recorded among age group i.e. adult were more susceptible as compare to young ones. In subsistence farms level prevalence in intensive, extensive farming and nomads was 74.07%, 57% and 83.3% respectively. Breeding through natural service was in greater risk (94%) as compared to artificial insemination (78%). In humans overall sero-prevalence was recorded 12.12%, 09.59% and 08.59% by SPAT, i-ELISA and PCR respectively. Highest incidence was found in farm workers (14.5%) followed by butchers (10.5%), veterinary assistant (10%) and abattoir workers (08.33%). High incidence was observed in butchers 20.58%, followed by veterinary assistants 14.28%, farm workers 12.28%, abattoir workers 11.53%, farm owners 10.41% and no positive cases were found in veterinarians through PCR.  

 

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Meat Sciences and Veterinary Public Health

September

Vol.1, Iss.1, Pages 1-24

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