Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Epidemiology of Subclinical Mastitis in Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Two Distinct Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan

Epidemiology of Subclinical Mastitis in Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Two Distinct Agro-Ecological Zones of Pakistan

Mahboob Ali1, Muhammad Avais1, Muhammad Ijaz1, Memoona Chaudhary2, Riaz Hussain3, Amjad Islam Aqib1, Naimat Ullah Khan4, Muhammad Luqman Sohail5,*, Madiha Khan6, Mumtaz Ali Khan1, Mehtab Ahmad7, Muhammad Sajid Hasni2Imran Qaiser8, Ghazanfar Rashid1, Ikramul Haq1 and Ikramullah Khan8

1Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
2Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
3Department of Pathobiology, University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
4College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan
5Departmentof Clinical Sciences, University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
6Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
7Department of Livestock Production, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
8Bacteriologist, Veterinary Research Institute, Quetta
9Livestock and Dairy Development Department,Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

*      Corresponding author: vet.luqman@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT

The present study was accomplished to explore the epidemiological dynamics of subclinical mastitis, caused by Staphylococcus aureus, in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) reared in two distinct agro-ecological zones of Pakistan viz. Cholistan desert and Suleiman mountain range. A total of 768 lactating she-camels were screened for subclinical mastitis using California mastitis test (CMT). A preformed questionnaire was used to obtain data for the potential risk factors. Results showed an overall prevalence of 47.14% for subclinical mastitis. Statistical analysis revealed non-significant (P>0.05) difference between Cholistan desert and Suleiman mountain range (48.18% and 46.09%, respectively). S. aureus was isolated from 53.03% of the milk samples, with significantly higher (P<0.05) prevalence in Cholistan desert (66.10%) as compared to Suleiman range (57.98%). Blind quarter prevalence of S. aureus subclinical mastitis was 8.46% and 11.59% (P<0.05) in Cholistan desert and Suleiman range, respectively. The non-parametric statistical analysis showed significant association (P<0.05) of thin body condition, older age, lack of teat dipping and higher parity number with S. aureus subclinical mastitis. This study highlights the effect of agro-climatic conditions on S. aureus subclinical mastitis which is instrumental when devising strategies for effective disease control according to the climatic conditions of the area.
 

To share on other social networks, click on P-share. What are these?

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 51, Iss. 4, Pages 1203-1598

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe