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Biodiversity and Conservation of Fish in the Beibu Gulf

PJZ_56_1_429-490

Biodiversity and Conservation of Fish in the Beibu Gulf

Wang Teng1,2,3,4, Li Chunhou1,2,3,4, Liu Yong1,2,3,4* and Zhu Ren5*

1Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation and Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Guangzhou 510300, China

2Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 510300, China

3Scientific Observation and Research Field Station of Pearl River Estuary Ecosystem, Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510300, China

4Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Ecology and Environment, Guangzhou 510300, China

5Laboratory of Biological Invasion and Adaptive Evolution, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China

ABSTRACT

The Beibu Gulf is one of the biodiversity hotspots in the global marine ecosystem, and an important fishing ground of East Asia. In the past several decade years, multiple pressures including overfishing, habitats destruction, pollution and eutrophication, and non-native species have seriously threaten the biodiversity of fish in the Beibu Gulf. However, the information about fish fauna in this region is very poorly which limiting the conservation of fish biodiversity and sustainability of the fishery. In this study, we calculated taxonomic features of fish in the Beibu Gulf based on the sampling and observational field data obtained from the competent authorities. Our results indicate that 1519 species were recorded, which belongs to 42 orders and 198 families. Compared with earlier studies, the species richness of fish in Beibu Gulf has decreased significantly, especially in large predatory fish and demersal fish. Now, overfishing, habitats destruction, pollution and eutrophication, and non-native species are important threat to native fish biodiversity. The results shed light on the importance of conservation and ecosystem-based fishery management. For better to protect fish biodiversity and fisheries resources, more international cooperation on protected areas, fishing ban, and scientific research should be implemented for effectively protecting fish biodiversity and fisheries resource sustainability.


Article Information

Received 01 March 2022

Revised 25 March 2022

Accepted 17 April 2022

Available online 08 November 2022

(early access)

Published 20 December 2023

Authors’ Contribution

WT, LCH, LY and ZR contributed in the investigation of the research work, methodology, formal analysis, software, data curation, writing the original draft of the manuscript, review, editing, and visualization. WT and LY contributed in the statistical analyses, software, formal analysis, writing review, editing type face, and data curation. WT and ZR have contributed in review and editing of the manuscript, visualization and validation. WT, LY and ZR contributed to conceptualization, methodology, resources, supervision, project administration, funding acquisition, and review and editing of the manuscript. All authors reviewed and approved the manuscript.

Key words

Biodiversity, Coral reef fish, Destructive, Mangrove, Protection, Beibu gulf

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/20220301040305

* Corresponding author: liuyong@scsfri.ac.cn, zhuren@ihb.ac.cn

0030-9923/2024/0001-0429 $ 9.00/0

Copyright 2024 by the authors. Licensee Zoological Society of Pakistan.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).



Introduction

Fishes are the most important members of vertebrates which contribute more than 50% of the total number of living vertebrate animals (Nelson, 2006). Fishes are also one of the seriously threatened animal groups (Bruton, 1995). Fishes are very important food and biological resources to humans. The production of fisheries and aquaculture reached 1.79 × 108 tons in 2018 (FAO, 2020). Biodiversity conservation of fishes has very high ecological and economic value and is the important cornerstone for human sustainable development (Worm and Branch, 2012). Compiling an inventory of fishes in a region is the preliminary step toward biodiversity conservation and sustainable development (Mora et al., 2008; Stephenson and Stengel, 2020). In the past thirty years, many researchers have paid attention to fish biodiversity in the freshwater ecosystems of continent (e.g. South America), large rivers (e.g. Yangtze River and Mekong River), and biodiversity hotspots such as Hainan Island and Leizhou Peninsula (Reis et al., 2016; Fu et al., 2003; Kang, 2013; Xiong et al., 2018a, 2019). However, some regions of marine biodiversity hotspots were overlooked or greatly underestimated, such as the Beibu Gulf.

The Beibu Gulf is a shared sea waters between China and Vietnam, located in the northern continental shelf of the South China Sea. Due to its geographic and climatic conditions, the Beibu Gulf has highly productive and abundant fisheries resources and is an important fishery and aquaculture sea region (Qiu et al., 2008). For better-protected fish biodiversity and fisheries resources, China government announced a fishing ban in Beibu Gulf in 1999. Although all types of fishing were forbidden by the Chinese government during the fishing moratorium periods, there were still fishing activities by the Vietnamese fishermen in the Beibu Gulf during that periods (Vu, 2013). Some researchers had surveyed fish biodiversity in the South China Sea (Qiu et al., 2008). However, information of fish biodiversity is very disrupted due to lack of unified management and research between China and Vietnam government, which limited the conservation of fish biodiversity and fishery sustainability in the Beibu Gulf.

The objective of this paper was to review the status of the fish community composition and diversity in the Beibu Gulf. We also examined major cause of the decline of fishes and provide the management recommendation. This study provides information about the protection and conservation of fishes in the Beibu Gulf and gives fundamental suggestions for sustainabl use of fish and fishery resources of the Beibu Gulf in the future.

STUDY AREA

The Beibu Gulf is a semi-enclosed sea area in the north of the South China Sea. The Beibu Gulf is surrounded by the China and Vietnam and located in 17°00′–21°45′N, 105°40′–110°10′E (Fig. 1). It is an area of about 1.28×105 km2. The average water depth is about 40 m, with a maximum depth being about 100 m. The climate of Beibu Gulf is subtropical maritime and is dominated by monsoons, with an average temperature of 37.1℃. The average rainfall is about 1670 mm. Some rivers such as Red River, Fangcheng River, Nanliujiang River flow into the Beibu Gulf, and result in an extensive estuarine and mangrove ecosystem (Zhang et al., 2020).

SOURCES OF FISH INFORMATION

Literature review was used for collecting the distribution data of fish species in the Beibu Gulf. We searched for literature that contained the following combination of words: Beibu Gulf, fishery resources, fishes in Vietnam or China, fish fauna and ichthyography in the South China Sea in the title, abstract, or keywords from google scholar (http://www.scholar.google.com) and CNKI (http://www.cnki.net), and check their sample areas (Li et al., 1987; Sun, 1990; Ye et al., 1993; Luo et al., 1999; Wang et al., 2006, 2017; Ye et al., 2007; Zhou et al., 2011; Hoang and Duc, 2012; Hoang et al., 2017; Zhang et al., 2017b; Thu et al., 2019), and collected information from some Chinese books (IOZ et al., 1962; CTCIT, 1986; Yuan et al., 1994; Jia, 2003; Muda et al., 2005; Wang, 2009; Chen 2015; Zhang et al., 2017a; Fu, 2018; He and Lai, 2013; Lai and He, 2016; Liu et al., 2016; Yu, 2019). To avoid the confusion caused by synonyms and changes of common names, we validated the Latin names of each species via Catalog of Fishes database (https://www.calacademy.org/scientists/projects/catalog-of-fishes).

 

DIVERSITY OF FISH SPECIES

A total of 1519 fish species belonging to 42 orders, 198 families were recorded in the Beibu Gulf (Table I). The Perciformes was the order with the highest number of fish species (907 species, accounting for 59.67%) in Beibu Gulf, followed by Scorpaeniformes with 81 species, Pleuronectiformes with 71 species, Tetraodontiforme with 70 species, Anguilliformes with 66 species, Clupeiformes with 59 species. Each of the other orders possesses less than 40 fish species (Fig. 2, Table I). It is noted that 107 fish species were listed as endangered species by IUCN (Table I).

Among family levels, the Gobiidae, Pomacentridae, Labridae, Serranidae, Carangidae and Apogonidae are the most abundant families, containing more than 40 species and accounting for 7.82%, 4.60%, 3.68%, 3.48%, 3.35% and 2.89% of the total number of fish species in the Beibu Gulf, respectively (Fig. 3, Table I).

It was noted that 928 species belonging to 28 orders, 124 families and 409 genera of reef associated fishes were recorded in the Beibu Gulf (Table I). The eight most highest number of families, each with more than 20 species, and which accounted for approximately 43.71% of the total number of fish species were Gobiidae (83), Pomacentridae (70), Labridae (56), Apogonidae (44), Serranidae (36), Chaetodontidae (32), Carangidae (23), and Blenniidae (20).

 

 

THREATS TO FISHES

Overfishing

Overfishing was one of the most important threats to ichthyological biodiversity and fishery resources in the Beibu Gulf (Dulvy et al., 2003; Yu and Mu, 2006). With the engine boats introduced in the 1960s and promoted popular in the 1980s, the fishing efforts and catches had increased sharply in the past forty years (Wang et al., 2019). Lack of precise data of fishing catches in the Beibu Gulf, some researchers estimated that fishing catch had reached 8.57 × 105 tons each year (Zou et al., 2013). Recently, some studies have shown that the fish community compositions have changed drastically in the Beibu Gulf due to overexploitation of fishing resources (Wang et al., 2019). Now, the average stock density of many important fishes have decreased less than 10% of that in the 1960s (Wang et al., 2021). Many traditionally commercial fish species (large size and high value), such as Epinephelus spp., Lutjanus spp. and Larimichthys crocea, have been replaced by short-lived, low trophic level and small fishes (Chen et al., 2011). For example, the biomass of piscivorous fish species has decreased to only 6% of that in the 1960s (Chen et al., 2008). Furthermore, the population of many fishes, namely Evynnis cardinalis, Saurida tumbil, S. undosquamis, Argyrosomus macrocephalus, and Nemipterus virgatus have shown miniaturization and early sexual maturity due to overexploitation (Wang et al., 2019; Zhang et al., 2020).

Aquarium trade has increased quickly and formed a multi-billion-dollar industry in the past forty years, and over 1000 marine fishes are involved in the global aquarium fish industry (Dey, 2016). However, it was totally different with freshwater ornamental fishes, over 90% them of which are farmed (Evers et al., 2019), the vast majority of marine fishes were caught from wild (King, 2019). It is known that Beibu Gulf supported the high biodiversity of coral reef fishes (Arai, 2015). The most important export region was Asia, which accounts for over half of the global market for aquarium fish. Both China and Vietnam were important exports of aquarium trade in Asia. Many coral fishes were captured for the aquarium trade (Arai, 2015). A great number of coral reef fish species, such as Chaetodon octofasciatus, C. auripes, C. lunulatus, C. melannotus, C. speculum, C. wiebeli, C. modestus, C. baronessa, C. triangulum, C. trifascialis, C. auriga, C. lineolatus, C. adiergastos, and C. lunula, were captured for aquarium purposes in Beibu Gulf.

Many fish species were traded as traditional Chinese medicines. There were over 60 fish species in the Beibu Gulf (Rhincodon typus, Halaelurus buergeri, Hippocampus histrix, Mustelus griseus, etc., Table I) are listed in the Chinese traditional medicines (SCSO, 1978). For example, seahorses (Syngnathidae) were rare traditional medicines in China, although some small-scale culture of seahorses occurred in Southern China. The farmers did not have enough knowledge of biology and breeding technology of seahorse, hence these small seahorse farms eventually were closed. The seahorse medicine now came from field capture. Now, all seahorse have been listed on the CITES (IUCN website, 2021).

Habitat destruction

The mangroves, coral reef, and seagrass habitats located in the Beibu Gulf (Wang et al., 2021), provided a wide range of habitat to support high diversity of fishes (Table I). However, some important habitats of fishes were destroyed for aquaculture, because of the port and other human utilizations. The mangrove areas have decreased leading to the loss of over one third of shrimp ponds in Leizhou Peninsula (Lei et al., 2022). In the past thirty years, the Beibu Gulf has become one of the busiest shipping regions of the world, and over half of the oil tankers and commercial ships sail through this sea region (Wang et al., 2021). Fangcheng port, which was the largest port in west China, planned to establish over 50.3 km shoreline and over 200 deep water berths. These large-scale human constructions had destroyed many important habitats of fish (Lei et al., 2022). Finally, the stocks of many important commercial fishes, including L. sanguineus, Therapon theraps, Gerres filamentosus, Carcharhinus menisorrah and Gymnocranius griseus have decreased quickly (Yu and Mu, 2006).

Pollution and eutrophication

Pollution had caused significant changes in the structure and function of bioresources (phytoplankton, zooplankton) and fish communities in marine and coastal ecosystems (Islam and Tanaka, 2004). Recently, some studies have focused on different forms of pollution (e.g. heavy metal, organic pollutant, microplastics) in the Beibu Gulf (Kaiser et al., 2016; Koongolla et al., 2020; Wang et al., 2020). Meanwhile, large number of nutrient imports in Beibu Gulf due to urban extension have resulted in aquaculture pollution and other human disturbances (Xiong et al., 2018a; 2019). These overloaded nutrients caused eutrophication and harmful algal blooms and eventually fish mortality as hypoxia and toxic compounds (Xiong et al., 2018a, 2019).

Non-native species

China waters have recently been found to be threatened with non-native aquatic species (Xiong et al., 2015, 2017; Wang et al., 2016). For developing aquaculture, a great number of non-native species have been introduced into China (Lin et al., 2015). The Beibu Gulf is an important aquaculture and fishery catch region of China (Kang et al., 2018) which provided large-scale aquaculture of some non-native species (Xiong et al., 2018a, 2019; Wang et al., 2021). For example, the red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), introduced for aquaculture in the surrounding regions of Beibu Gulf got widely distributed and caused great threat to native biodiversity (Xiong et al., 2018b, c; Lin et al., 2020). In order to improve the production and quality of aquaculture, more and more non-native species will have to be introduced into the Beibu Gulf in the future (Wang et al., 2021).

The Beibu Gulf is the station of origin of the maritime silk road. Now, Guangxi Beibu Gulf Port has built a total of 256 productive berths, which could berth ships of up to 2.00×105 tons, and its routes are been able to reach more than 100 countries in the world, with direct access to more than 200 ports in the world (Qin, 2017). Now, the Beibu Gulf has become the busiest waterway in the world. Over half of the oil tankers and commercial ships pass through the Beibu Gulf every year (Wang et al., 2014). Inevitably, some non-native species were introduced in the Beibu Gulf by the ballast water of the ship (Wang et al., 2021), and some non-native species, such as algae (Alexandrum catenclla, and Scrippsiella trochoidea) had been distributed large scale and formed red tide, which caused a great number fish to die because of lack of oxygen (Wang et al., 2021).

Recently, aquarium became the most important introduction pathway of non-native aquatic species in China (Xiong et al., 2015, 2017; Wang et al., 2016). We could buy non-native species for aquarium in some cities around the Beibu Gulf, such as Beihai, Fangchenggang (Wang et al., 2021). Many non-native fishes such as Xenostrobus securis, Glossogobius giuris, Hemichromis bimaculatus, Hippichthys spicifer, and Poecilia velifera were very popular aquarium species in the world. Thus, countries around the Beibu Gulf (China, Vietnam) cultivated a great number of non-native species, including fishes, crayfish, shellfish (Wang et al., 2021). Inevitably, some non-native fishes had escaped and found suitable habitats in the Beibu Gulf. For example, jewelfish (H. bimaculatus) had became one of the most widely distributed non-native species in the wetlands around the Beibu Gulf (Xiong et al., 2018a, 2019).

CONSERVATION

Fish biodiversity and fisheries resource is of high economic and ecological conservation significance in the Beibu Gulf. Firstly, fish was the most important protein source for about 2.7 hundred million people (92.7 million in Vietnam and 174 million in China) living in the coastal of Beibu Gulf. Secondly, Beibu Gulf provide diverse habitats (mangroves, seagrass, Coral reef, shelf, estuaries), with high biodiversity and endemism (Liu, 2013).

The establishment of protected areas was an effective measurement for fish biodiversity conservation (Xiong et al., 2018a, 2019). However, there were only a few marine protected areas that covered quite small area of the Beibu Gulf (Trung et al., 2014). In addition, the different life-history stages of many fishes inhabited different habitats, such as mangroves-seagrass-coral reef (Kimirei et al., 2011). Thus, the establishment of marine protected areas should cover not only important fish habitats (such as mangroves, seagrass, Coral reef) but also the connecting galleries among these habitats (Sambrook et al., 2019). Therefore, more and larger protected areas should be been stablished in the Beibu Gulf covering important fish habitats and connecting galleries in the future.

 

Table I. The fish biodiversity in Beibu Gulf.

<

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

1

Carcharhiniformes

Carcharhinidae

Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides Whitley, 1934

Marine

Near threatened

2

Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos Bleeker, 1856

Marine

Endangered

3

Carcharhinus brachyurus Günther, 1870

Marine

Vulnerable

4

Carcharhinus falciformis Müller & Henle, 1839

Marine

Vulnerable

5

Carcharhinus hemiodon Müller & Henle, 1839*

Marine

Critically endangered

6

Carcharhinus limbatus Müller & Henle, 1839

Marine

Near threatened

7

Carcharhinus melanopterus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine

Vulnerable

8

Carcharhinus plumbeus Nardo, 1827

Marine

Vulnerable

9

Carcharhinus sealei Pietschmann, 1913

Marine

Near threatened

10

Carcharhinus sorrah Müller & Henle, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

11

Galeocerdo cuvier Péron & Lesueur, 1822

Marine

Near threatened

12

Hemigaleus microstoma Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Vulnerable

13

Hemipristis elongata Klunzinger, 1871

Marine

Vulnerable

14

Rhizoprionodon oligolinx Springer, 1964

Marine, Coral reef

Least concern

15

Rhizoprionodon acutus Rüppell, 1837

Marine

Vulnerable

16

Scoliodon laticaudus Müller & Henle, 1838

Marine

Near threatened

17

Scoliodon macrorhynchos Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Near threatened

18

Hemigaleidae

Chaenogaleus macrostoma Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Vulnerable

19

Scyliorhinidate

Halaelurus buergeri Müller & Henle, 1838*

Marine

Endangered

20

Sphyrnidae

Eusphyra blochii Cuvier, 1816

Marine

Endangered

21

Sphyrna lewini Griffith & Smith, 1834

Marine

Critically endangered

22

Sphyrna mokarran Rüppell, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Critically endangered

23

Triakidae

Mustelus griseus Pietschmann, 1908*

Marine

Endangered

24

Mustelus manazo Bleeker, 1855

Marine

Endangered

25

Heterodontiformes

Heterodontidae

Heterodontus zebra Gray, 1831

Marine

Least concern

26

Lamniformes

Lamnidae

Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810

Marine

Endangered

27

Odontaspididae

Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878

Marine

Not evaluated

28

Myliobatiformes

Dasyatidae

Hemitrygon akajei Müller & Henle, 1841*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

29

Hemitrygon bennettii Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Not evaluated

30

Hemitrygon navarrae Steindachner, 1892

Marine

Vulnerable

31

Hemitrygon sinensis Steindachner, 1892

Marine

Endangered

32

Himantura microphthalma Chen, 1948

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

35

Himantura uarnak Gmelin, 1789*

Marine

Vulnerable

33

Maculabatis gerrardi Gray, 1851

Marine

Endangered

34

Telatrygon zugei Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

36

Neotrygon kuhlii Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

37

Taeniura lymma Forsskål, 1775

Marine

Least concern

38

Taeniurops meyeni Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Vulnerable

39

Urogymnus asperrimus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Vulnerable

40

Myliobatidae

Aetobatus flagellum Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Endangered

41

Aetobatus narinari Euphrasen, 1790

Marine

Endangered

42

Aetobatus narutobiei White, Furumitsu & Yamaguchi, 2013

Marine

Vulnerable

43

Aetomylaeus maculatus Gray, 1834

Marine

Endangered

44

Aetomylaeus milvus Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Endangered

45

Aetomylaeus nichofii Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Vulnerable

46

Aetomylaeus vespertilio Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Endangered

47

Mobula japanica Müller & Henle, 1841*

Marine

Near threatened

48

Rhinopteridae

Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Vulnerable

49

Urolophidae

Urolophus aurantiacus Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Vulnerable

50

Orectolobiformes

Oreotolobidae

Chiloscyllium plagiosum Anonymous [Bennett], 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

51

Rhincodontidae

Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828*

Marine

Endangered

52

Stegostomatidae

Stegostoma fasciatum Hermann, 1783

Marine

Endangered

53

Rajiformes

Gymnuridae

Gymnura japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1850

Marine

Vulnerable

54

Gymnura poecilura Shaw, 1804

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Vulnerable

55

Gymnura zonura Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Endangered

56

Platyrhinidae

Platyrhina sinensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Endangered

57

Platyrhina tangi Iwatsuki, Zhang & Nakaya, 2011

Marine

Vulnerable

58

Pristidae

Anoxypristis cuspidata Latham, 1794*

Marine

Endangered

59

Rajidae

Okamejei boesemani Ishihara, 1987

Marine

Vulnerable

60

Okamejei hollandi Jordan & Richardson, 1909

Marine

Vulnerable

61

Okamejei kenojei Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Vulnerable

62

Rhinopristiformes

Rhinobatidate

Rhina ancylostomus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Critically endangered

63

Rhinobatos hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846

Marine

Endangered

64

Rhinobatos schlegelii Müller & Henle, 1841

Marine

Critically endangered

65

Rhynchobatus djiddensis Forsskål, 1775

Marine

Critically endangered

66

Squatiniformes

Squatinidae

Squatina nebulosa Regan, 1906

Marine

Endangered

67

Torpediniformes

Narcinidae

Narcine lingula Richardson, 1846

Marine

Vulnerable

68

Narcine maculata Shaw, 1804

Marine

Vulnerable

69

Narcine timlei Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Data deficient

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

70

Narkidae

Narke dipterygia Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

71

Torpedinidae

Tetronarce macneilli Whitley, 1932

Marine

Data deficient

72

Albuliformes

Albulidae

Albula glossodonta Forsskål, 1775

Marine

Vulnerable

73

Albula vulpes Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Near threatened

74

Anguilliformes

Anguillidae

Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1844

Marine

Near threatened

75

Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Endangered

76

Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

77

Anguilla nebulosa McClelland, 1844

Marine

Not evaluated

78

Congridae

Ariosoma anago Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

79

Ariosoma meeki Jordan & Snyder, 1900

Marine

Least concern

80

Bathycongrus parviporus Karmovskaya, 2011

Marine

Data deficient

81

Bathymyrus simus Smith, 1965

Marine

Least concern

82

Conger cinereus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

83

Gnathophis nystromi Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine

Not evaluated

84

Macrocephenchelys brevirostris Chen & Weng, 1967

Marine

Least concern

85

Rhynchoconger ectenurus Jordan & Richardson, 1909

Marine

Least concern

86

Uroconger lepturus Richardson, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

87

Dysommidae

Dysomma anguillare Barnard, 1923

Marine

Least concern

88

Dysomma melanurum Chen & Weng, 1967

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

89

Muraenesocidae

Congresox talabon Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

90

Congresox talabonoides Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Intertidal

Not evaluated

91

Muraenesox bagio Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Intertidal

Not evaluated

92

Muraenesox cinereus Forsskål, 1775*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

93

Muraenesox yamaguchiensis Katayama & Takai, 1954

Marine

Not evaluated

94

Oxyconger leptognathus Bleeker, 1858

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

95

Muraenidae

Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks, 1906

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

96

Echidna nebulosa Ahl, 1789

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

97

Gymnothorax albimarginatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

98

Gymnothorax chilospilus Bleeker, 1864

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

99

Gymnothorax cribroris Whitley, 1932

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

100

Gymnothorax favagineus Bloch & Schneider, 1801*

Marine

Least concern

101

Gymnothorax fimbriatus Bennett, 1832*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

102

Gymnothorax flavimarginatus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

103

Gymnothorax isingteena Richardson, 1845*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

104

Gymnothorax javanicus Bleeker, 1859

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

105

Gymnothorax kidako Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

106

Gymnothorax minor Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

107

Gymnothorax pictus Ahl, 1789*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

108

Gymnothorax prionodon Ogilby, 1895

Marine

Least concern

109

Gymnothorax punctatofasciatus Bleeker, 1863*

Marine

Not evaluated

110

Gymnothorax reevesii Richardson, 1845*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

111

Gymnothorax reticularis Bloch, 1795*

Marine

Not evaluated

112

Gymnothorax richardsonii Bleeker, 1852*

Marine

Least concern

113

Gymnothorax rueppelliae McClelland, 1844

Marine

Least concern

114

Gymnothorax thyrsoideus Richardson, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

115

Gymnothorax undulatus Lacepède, 1803*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

116

Scuticaria tigrina Lesson, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

117

Strophidon sathete Hamilton, 1822

Marine

Not evaluated

118

Uropterygius concolor Rüppell, 1838

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

119

Uropterygius xanthopterus Bleeker, 1859

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

120

Nettastomatidae

Saurenchelys fierasfer Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine

Least concern

121

Ophichthidae

Ahlia egmontis Jordan, 1884

Marine

Least concern

122

Bascanichthys deraniyagalai Menon, 1961

Marine

Not evaluated

123

Brachysomophis crocodilinus Bennett, 1833

Marine

Not evaluated

124

Cirrhimuraena chinensis Kaup, 1856

Marine, Intertidal

Not evaluated

125

Muraenichthys gymnopterus Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

126

Muraenichthys thompsoni Jordan & Richardson, 1908

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

127

Myrichthys maculosus Cuvier, 1816

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

128

Ophichthus apicalis Anonymous [Bennett], 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

129

Ophichthus asakusae Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

130

Ophichthus celebicus Bleeker, 1856

Marine

Not evaluated

131

Ophichthus cylindroideus Ranzani, 1839

Marine

Least concern

132

Ophichthus lithinus Jordan & Richardson, 1908

Marine

Not evaluated

133

Ophichthus macrochir Bleeker, 1853

Marine

Not evaluated

134

Ophichthus shaoi McCosker & Ho, 2015

Marine

Not evaluated

135

Ophichthus singapurensis Bleeker, 1864-65

Marine

Not evaluated

136

Pisodonophis boro Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

137

Pisodonophis cancrivorus Richardson, 1848

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

138

Scolecenchelys macroptera Bleeker, 1857

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

139

Skythrenchelys zabra Castle & McCosker, 1999

Marine

Least concern

140

Atheriniformes

Atherinidae

Atherinomorus forskalii Rüppell, 1838

Marine

Not evaluated

141

Atherinomorus lacunosus Forster, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

142

Atherinomorus pinguis Lacepède, 1803

Marine

Not evaluated

143

Doboatherina duodecimalis Valenciennes, 1835

Marine

Least concern

144

Hypoatherina temminckii Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

145

Hypoatherina tsurugae Jordan & Starks, 1901

Marine

Not evaluated

146

Hypoatherina valenciennei Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

147

Melanotaeniidae

Chilatherina bleheri Allen, 1985

Marine, Intertidal

Endangered

148

Aulopiformes

Synodontidae

Harpadon microchir Günther, 1878

Marine

Least concern

149

Harpadon nehereus Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

150

Saurida argentea Macleay, 1881

Marine

Least concern

151

Saurida elongata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

152

Saurida filamentosa Ogilby, 1910*

Marine

Least concern

153

Saurida gracilis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine

Least concern

154

Saurida macrolepis Tanaka, 1917

Marine

Least concern

155

Saurida nebulosa Valenciennes, 1850

Marine

Least concern

156

Saurida tumbil Bloch, 1795*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

157

Saurida umeyoshii Inoue & Nakabo, 2006

Marine

Least concern

158

Saurida undosquamis Richardson, 1848*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

159

Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972

Marine

Data deficient

160

Saurida brasiliensis Norman, 1935

Marine

Least concern

161

Synodus binotatus Schultz, 1953

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

162

Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912

Marine

Least concern

163

Synodus fuscus Tanaka, 1917

Marine

Least concern

164

Synodus hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917

Marine

Least concern

165

Synodus indicus Day, 1873

Marine

Least concern

166

Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey, 1979

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

167

Synodus kaianus Günther, 1880

Marine

Least concern

168

Synodus variegatus Lacepède, 1803

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

169

Trachinocephalus myops Forster, 1801*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

170

Beloniforme

Hemiramphidae

Euleptorhamphus viridis van Hasselt, 1823

Marine

Not evaluated

171

Hemiramphus far Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

172

Hemiramphus lutkei Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

173

Hyporhamphus intermedius Cantor, 1842

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

174

Hyporhamphus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1847

Marine

Not evaluated

175

Hyporhamphus gernaerti Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

176

Hyporhamphus limbatus Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

177

Hyporhamphus quoyi Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

178

Hyporhamphus sajori Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

179

Rhynchorhamphus georgii Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

180

Zenarchopterus buffonis Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

181

Belonidae

Ablennes hians Valenciennes, 1846

Marine

Least concern

182

Strongylura anastomella Valenciennes, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

183

Strongylura leiura Bleeker, 1850

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

184

Strongylura strongylura van Hasselt, 1823

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

185

Tylosurus acus Lacepède, 1803

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

186

Tylosurus crocodilus Péron & Lesueur, 1821

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

187

Tylosurus melanotus Bleeker, 1850

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

188

Cheilopogon spilopterus Valenciennes, 1847*

Marine

Not evaluated

189

Cheilopogon arcticeps Günther, 1866*

Marine

Not evaluated

190

Cheilopogon cyanopterus Valenciennes, 1847*

Marine

Least concern

191

Cheilopogon katoptron Bleeker, 1865

Marine

Not evaluated

192

Cypselurus hexazona Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

193

Cypselurus oligolepis Bleeker, 1865*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

194

Cypselurus poecilopterus Valenciennes, 1847

Marine

Not evaluated

195

Hirundichthys rondeletii Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

196

Oxyporhamphus micropterus Valenciennes, 1847

Marine

Not evaluated

197

Parexocoetus brachypterus Richardson, 1846

Marine

Not evaluated

198

Parexocoetus mento Valenciennes, 1847

Marine

Not evaluated

199

Scomberesocidae

Cololabis saira Brevoort, 1856

Marine

Not evaluated

200

Beryciformes

Berycidae

Centroberyx rubricaudus Liu & Shen, 1985

Marine

Data deficient

201

Holocentridae

Myripristis adusta Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

202

Myripristis berndti Jordan & Evermann, 1903

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

203

Myripristis botche Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

204

Myripristis hexagona Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

205

Myripristis murdjan Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

206

Myripristis pralinia Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

207

Myripristis violacea Bleeker, 1851

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

208

Neoniphon opercularis Valenciennes, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

209

Neoniphon sammara Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

210

Ostichthys japonicus Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

211

Sargocentron caudimaculatum Rüppell, 1838

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

212

Sargocentron diadema Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

213

Sargocentron praslin Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

214

Sargocentron rubrum Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

215

Sargocentron spiniferum Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

216

Sargocentron tiere Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

217

Sargocentron tiereoides Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

218

Monocentridae

Monocentris japonica Houttuyn, 1782

Marine

Least concern

219

Clupeiformes

Chirocentridae

Chirocentrus dorab Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

220

Chirocentrus nudus Swainson, 1839

Marine

Least concern

221

Clupeidae

Amblygaster clupeoides Bleeker, 1849

Marine

Least concern

222

Anodontostoma chacunda Hamilton, 1822

Marine

Least concern

223

Clupanodon thrissa Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

224

Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

225

Clupeoides borneensis Bleeker, 1851

Marine

Least concern

226

Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes, 1847

Marine

Least concern

227

Dussumieria elopsoides Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

228

Escualosa thoracata Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

229

Etrumeus micropus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

230

Herklotsichthys ovalis Anonymous [Bennett], 1830*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

231

Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus Rüppell, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

232

Hilsa kelee Cuvier, 1829

Marine

Least concern

233

Konosirus punctatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

234

Nematalosa come Richardson, 1846

Marine

Least concern

235

Nematalosa japonica Regan, 1917

Marine

Data deficient

236

Nematalosa nasus Bloch, 1795

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

237

Sardinella albella Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

238

Sardinella aurita Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

239

Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

240

Sardinella fimbriata Valenciennes, 1847

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

241

Sardinella gibbosa Bleeker, 1849

Marine

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

242

Sardinella hualiensis Chu & Tsai, 1958

Marine

Least concern

243

Sardinella jussieu Lacepède, 1803

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

244

Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853*

Marine, Intertidal

Near threatened

245

Sardinella maderensis Lowe, 1838

Marine

Vulnerable

246

Sardinella melanura Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

247

Sardinella richardsoni Wongratana, 1983

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

248

Sardinella sindensis Day, 1878

Marine

Least concern

249

Sardinella zunasi Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

250

Tenualosa reevesii Richardson, 1846*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

251

Elopidae

Elops hawaiensis Regan, 1909

Marine

Data deficient

252

Elops saurus Linnaeus, 1766

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

253

Engraulidae

Coilia grayii Richardson, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

254

Coilia macrognathos Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Data deficient

255

Coilia mystus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Endangered

256

Encrasicholina heteroloba Rüppell, 1837

Marine

Least concern

257

Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler, 1938

Marine

Least concern

258

Engraulis japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

259

Setipinna melanochir Bleeker, 1849

Marine

Data deficient

260

Setipinna taty Valenciennes, 1848

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

261

Stolephorus chinensis Günther, 1880

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

262

Stolephorus commersonnii Lacepède, 1803

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

263

Stolephorus holodon Boulenger, 1900

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

264

Stolephorus indicus van Hasselt, 1823

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

265

Stolephorus tri Bleeker, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

266

Stolephorus waitei Jordan & Seale, 1926

Marine

Data deficient

267

Thryssa chefuensis Günther, 1874

Marine

Data deficient

268

Thryssa dussumieri Valenciennes, 1848

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

269

Thryssa hamiltonii Gray, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

270

Thryssa kammalensis Bleeker, 1849

Marine

Data deficient

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

271

Thryssa mystax Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

272

Thryssa setirostris Broussonet, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

273

Thryssa vitrirostris Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

274

Pristigasteridae

Ilisha elongata Anonymous [Bennett], 1830*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

275

Ilisha filigera Valenciennes, 1847

Marine

Data deficient

276

Ilisha melastoma Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

277

Opisthopterus tardoore Cuvier, 1829

Marine

Least concern

278

Cypriniformes

Cobitidae

Cobitis turcica Hankó, 1925

Marine

Endangered

279

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus Cantor, 1842

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

280

Cyprinidae

Carassioides acuminatus Richardson, 1846

Marine

Least concern

281

Carassius auratus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

282

Acheilognathus tonkinensis Vaillant, 1892

Marine

Data deficient

283

Cirrhinus molitorella Valenciennes, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

284

Ctenopharyngodon idella Valenciennes, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

285

Culter flavipinnis Tirant, 1883

Marine

Data deficient

286

Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Vulnerable

287

Cyprinus melanes Mai, 1978

Marine

Data deficient

288

Hemibarbus maculatus Bleeker, 1871

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

289

Hemiculter leucisculus Basilewsky, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

290

Henicorhynchus siamensis Sauvage, 1881

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

291

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Valenciennes, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

292

Osteochilus lini Fowler, 1935

Marine

Least concern

293

Rasbora steineri Nichols & Pope, 1927

Marine

Least concern

294

Metzia lineata Pellegrin, 1907

Marine

Least concern

295

Rhodeus ocellatus Kner, 1866

Marine

Data deficient

296

Rhodeus spinalis Oshima, 1926

Marine

Least concern

297

Squalidus chankaensis Dybowski, 1872

Marine

Not evaluated

298

Cyprinodontiformes

Adrianichthyidae

Oryzias curvinotus Nichols & Pope, 1927

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

299

Poeciliidae

Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859

Marine

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

300

Elopiformes

Megalopidae

Megalops cyprinoides Broussonet, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

301

Gadiformes

Bregmacerotidae

Bregmaceros bathymaster Jordan & Bollman, 1890

Marine

Least concern

302

Bregmaceros lanceolatus Shen, 1960

Marine

Not evaluated

303

Bregmaceros mcclellandi Thompson, 1840

Marine

Not evaluated

304

Bregmaceros nectabanus Whitley, 1941

Marine

Least concern

305

Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus- Torii, Javonillo & Ozawa, 2004

Marine

Not evaluated

306

Gasterosteiformes

Centriscidae

Centriscus scutatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Least concern

307

Fistulariidae

Fistularia commersonii Rüppell, 1838

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

308

Fistularia petimba Lacepède, 1803

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

309

Pegasidae

Eurypegasus draconis Linnaeus, 1766

Marine

Least concern

310

Pegasus laternarius Cuvier, 1816*

Marine

Data deficient

311

Pegasus volitans Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Data deficient

312

Gonorhynchiformes

Chanidae

Chanos chanos Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

313

Lampridiformes

Vellferidae

Velifer hypselopterus Bleeker, 1879

Marine

Least concern

314

Lophiiformes

Antennariidae

Antennarius hispidus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine

Not evaluated

315

Antennarius maculatus Desjardins, 1840

Marine

Not evaluated

316

Antennarius striatus Shaw, 1794

Marine

Least concern

317

Antennatus nummifer Cuvier, 1817

Marine

Least concern

318

Histrio histrio Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Least concern

319

Lophiiformes

Lophiomus setigerus Vahl, 1797

Marine

Least concern

320

Ogcocephalidae

Halieutaea fumosa Alcock, 1894

Marine

Least concern

321

Halieutaea indica Annandale & Jenkins, 1910

Marine

Least concern

322

Halieutaea stellata Vahl, 1797*

Marine

Least concern

323

Mugiliformes

Mugilidae

Crenimugil buchanani Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

324

Crenimugil seheli Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

325

Ellochelon vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

326

Planiliza carinata Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

327

Crenimugil pedaraki Valenciennes, 1836

Marine

Not evaluated

328

Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

329

Osteomugil cunnesius Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

330

Osteomugil engeli Bleeker, 1858

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

331

Osteomugil perusii Valenciennes, 1836

Marine

Least concern

332

Planiliza affinis Günther, 1861

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

333

Planiliza haematocheilus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

334

Planiliza macrolepis Smith, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

335

Planiliza melinoptera Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

336

Planiliza subviridis Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

337

Myctophiformes

Myctophidae

Benthosema pterotum Alcock, 1890

Marine

Least concern

338

Symbolophorus evermanni Gilbert, 1905

Marine

Least concern

339

Ophidiiformes

Bythitidae

Diancistrus fuscus Fowler, 1946

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

340

Carapidae

Carapus mourlani (Petit, 1934)

Marine

Least concern

341

Dinematichthyidae

Alionematichthys riukiuensis Aoyagi, 1954

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

342

Ophidiidae

Brotula multibarbata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

343

Hoplobrotula armata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

344

Lepophidium marmoratum Goode & Bean, 1885

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

345

Neobythites unimaculatus Smith & Radcliffe, 1913

Marine

Least concern

346

Ophidion muraenolepis Günther, 1880

Marine

Least concern

347

Sirembo imberbis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Marine

Least concern

348

Osmeriformes

Salangidae

Neosalanx brevirostris Pellegrin, 1923

Marine

Data deficient

349

Protosalanx chinensis Basilewsky, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

350

Salanx ariakensis Kishinouye, 1902

Marine, Intertidal

Not evaluated

351

Osteoglossiformes

Notopteridae

Notopterus notopterus Pallas, 1769

Marine

Least concern

352

Perciformes

Acanthuridae

Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

353

Acanthurus japonicus Schmidt, 1931

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

354

Acanthurus lineatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

355

Acanthurus nigrofuscus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

356

Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

357

Acanthurus triostegus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

358

Ctenochaetus striatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

359

Naso annulatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

360

Naso hexacanthus Bleeker, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

361

Naso lituratus Forster, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

362

Naso unicornis Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

363

Paracanthurus hepatus Linnaeus, 1766

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

364

Zebrasoma flavescens Bennett, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

365

Zebrasoma scopas Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

366

Zebrasoma velifer Bloch, 1795

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

367

Acropomatidae

Acropoma japonicum Günther, 1859

Marine

Not evaluated

368

Doederleinia berycoides Hilgendorf, 1879

Marine

Not evaluated

369

Parascombrops philippinensis Günther, 1880

Marine

Not evaluated

370

Ambassidae

Ambassis ambassis Lacepède, 1802

Marine

Least concern

371

Ambassis buruensis Bleeker, 1856

Marine

Not evaluated

372

Ambassis gymnocephalus Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

373

Ambassis interrupta Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

374

Ambassis kopsii Bleeker, 1858

Marine

Not evaluated

375

Ambassis marianus Günther, 1880

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

376

Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

377

Ambassis vachellii Richardson, 1846

Marine

Least concern

378

Anabantidae

Anabas testudineus Bloch, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

379

Apogonidae

Apogon coccineus Rüppell, 1838

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

380

Apogonichthyoides cathetogramma Tanaka, 1917

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

381

Apogonichthyoides niger Döderlein, 1883

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

382

Jaydia carinatus Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

383

Jaydia lineata Temminck & Schlegel, 1842

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

384

Ostorhinchus moluccensis Valenciennes, 1832

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

385

Ostorhinchus semilineatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1842

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

386

Apogonichthyoides sialis Jordan & Thompson, 1914

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

387

Apogonichthyoides taeniatus Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

388

Apogonichthyoides timorensis Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

389

Cheilodipterus artus Smith, 1961

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

390

Cheilodipterus intermedius Gon, 1993

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

391

Cheilodipterus macrodon Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

392

Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

393

Fibramia amboinensis Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

394

Fibramia lateralis Valenciennes, 1832

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

395

Fowleria aurita Valenciennes, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

396

Fowleria marmorata Alleyne & MacLeay, 1877

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

397

Jaydia ellioti Day, 1875

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

398

Jaydia poeciloptera Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

399

Jaydia striata Smith & Radcliffe, 1912

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

400

Jaydia striatodes Gon, 1997

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

401

Jaydia truncata Bleeker, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

402

Nectamia fusca Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

403

Nectamia savayensis Günther, 1872

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

404

Ostorhinchus angustatus Smith & Radcliffe, 1911

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

405

Ostorhinchus apogonoides Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

406

Ostorhinchus aureus Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

407

Ostorhinchus cavitensis Jordan & Seale, 1907

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

408

Ostorhinchus chrysopomus Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

409

Ostorhinchus cookii Macleay, 1881

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

410

Ostorhinchus cyanosoma Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

411

Ostorhinchus doederleini Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

412

Ostorhinchus endekataenia Bleeker, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

413

Ostorhinchus fasciatus White, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

414

Ostorhinchus fleurieu Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

415

Ostorhinchus kiensis Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

416

Ostorhinchus novemfasciatus Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

417

Ostorhinchus pleuron Fraser, 2005

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

418

Pristiapogon kallopterus Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

419

Sphaeramia nematoptera Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

420

Taeniamia fucata Cantor, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

421

Taeniamia macroptera Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

422

Taeniamia zosterophora Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

423

Banjosidae

Banjos banjos Richardson, 1846

Marine

Not evaluated

424

Belontiidae

Macropodus opercularis Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

425

Blenniidae 

Aspidontus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

426

Cirripectes stigmaticus Strasburg & Schultz, 1953

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

427

Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes, 1836)

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

428

Ecsenius melarchus McKinney & Springer, 1976

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

429

Ecsenius yaeyamaensis Aoyagi, 1954

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

430

Exallias brevis Kner, 1868

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

431

Laiphognathus multimaculatus Smith, 1955

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

432

Meiacanthus grammistes Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

433

Omobranchus elegans Steindachner, 1876

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

434

Omobranchus elongatus Peters, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

435

Omobranchus fasciolatoceps Richardson, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

436

Omobranchus ferox Herre, 1927

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

437

Parablennius yatabei Jordan & Snyder, 1900

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

438

Parenchelyurus hepburni Snyder, 1908

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

439

Petroscirtes breviceps Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

440

Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

441

Istiblennius dussumieri Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

442

Salarias fasciatus Bloch, 1786

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

443

Salarias guttatus Valenciennes, 1836

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

444

Xiphasia setifer Swainson, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

445

Bramidae

Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878

Marine

Not evaluated

446

Caesionidae

Caesio cuning Bloch, 1791

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

447

Caesio teres Seale, 1906

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

448

Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

449

Pterocaesio chrysozona Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

450

Pterocaesio digramma Bleeker, 1864

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

451

Pterocaesio tessellata Carpenter, 1987

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

452

Callanthiidae

Callanthias japonicus Franz, 1910

Marine

Not evaluated

453

Callionymidae

Bathycallionymus kaianus Günther, 1880

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

454

Callionymus beniteguri Jordan & Snyder, 1900

Marine

Not evaluated

455

Callionymus curvicornis Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

456

Callionymus doryssus Jordan & Fowler, 1903

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

457

Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

458

Callionymus hainanensis Li, 1966

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

459

Callionymus hindsii Richardson, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

460

Callionymus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

461

Callionymus lunatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

462

Callionymus marquesensis Fricke, 1989

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

463

Callionymus meridionalis Suwardji, 1965

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

464

Callionymus octostigmatus Fricke, 1981

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

465

Callionymus regani Nakabo, 1979

Marine

Not evaluated

466

Callionymus schaapii Bleeker, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

467

Callionymus valenciennei Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

468

Dactylopus dactylopus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

469

Repomucenus huguenini Bleeker, 1858

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

470

Repomucenus olidus Günther, 1873

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

471

Repomucenus virgis Jordan & Fowler, 1903

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

472

Synchiropus altivelis Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine

Not evaluated

473

Synchiropus lateralis Richardson, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

474

Synchiropus marmoratus Peters, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

475

Synchiropus morrisoni Schultz, 1960

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

476

Synchiropus sechellensis Regan, 1908

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

477

Synchiropus splendidus Herre, 1927

Marine

Least concern

478

Caproidae

Antigonia rubescens Günther, 1860

Marine

Not evaluated

479

Carangidae

Alectis ciliaris Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

480

Alectis indica Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

481

Alepes apercna Grant, 1987

Marine

Least concern

482

Alepes djedaba Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

483

Alepes kleinii Bloch, 1793

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

484

Alepes melanoptera Swainson, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

485

Alepes vari Cuvier, 1833

Marine

Least concern

486

Atropus atropos Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

487

Atule mate Cuvier, 1833

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

488

Carangoides armatus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

489

Carangoides chrysophrys Cuvier, 1833

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

490

Carangoides coeruleopinnatus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

491

Carangoides equula Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine

Least concern

492

Carangoides ferdau Forsskål, 1775

Marine

Least concern

493

Carangoides gymnostethus Cuvier, 1833

Marine

Least concern

494

Carangoides malabaricus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

495

Carangoides oblongus Cuvier, 1833

Marine

Least concern

496

Carangoides praeustus Anonymous [Bennett], 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

497

Caranx bucculentus Alleyne & Macleay, 1877

Marine

Least concern

498

Caranx ignobilis Forsskål, 1775

Marine

Least concern

499

Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

500

Decapterus kurroides Bleeker, 1855

Marine

Least concern

501

Decapterus macrosoma Bleeker, 1851

Marine

Least concern

502

Decapterus maruadsi Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

503

Decapterus russelli Rüppell, 1830

Marine

Least concern

504

Elagatis bipinnulata Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine

Least concern

505

Gnathanodon speciosus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

506

Megalaspis cordyla Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

507

Naucrates ductor Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Least concern

508

Parastromateus niger Bloch, 1795

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

509

Scomberoides commersonnianus Lacepède, 1801

Marine

Least concern

510

Scomberoides lysan Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

511

Scomberoides tala Cuvier, 1832

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

512

Scomberoides tol Cuvier, 1832

Marine

Least concern

513

Selar boops Cuvier, 1833

Marine

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

514

Selar crumenophthalmus Bloch, 1793

Marine

Least concern

515

Selaroides leptolepis Cuvier, 1833

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

516

Seriola dumerili Risso, 1810

Marine

Least concern

517

Seriola fasciata Bloch, 1793

Marine

Least concern

518

Seriola lalandi Valenciennes, 1833

Marine

Least concern

519

Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine

Least concern

520

Seriolina nigrofasciata Rüppell, 1829

Marine

Least concern

521

Trachinotus baillonii Lacepède, 1801

Marine

Least concern

522

Trachinotus blochii Lacepède, 1801

Marine

Least concern

523

Trachinotus botla Shaw, 1803

Marine

Least concern

524

Trachinotus mookalee Cuvier, 1832

Marine

Least concern

525

Trachinotus ovatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

526

Trachurus japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

527

Ulua mentalis Cuvier, 1833

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

528

Uraspis helvola Forster, 1801

Marine

Least concern

529

Uraspis secunda Poey, 1860

Marine

Least concern

530

Centrolophidae

Psenopsis anomala Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

531

Psenopsis shojimai Ochiai & Mori, 1965

Marine

Not evaluated

532

Cepolidae

Acanthocepola abbreviata Valenciennes, 1835

Marine

Not evaluated

533

Acanthocepola indica Day, 1888

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

534

Acanthocepola krusensternii Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine

Not evaluated

535

Acanthocepola limbata Valenciennes, 1835

Marine

Not evaluated

536

Cepola schlegelii Bleeker, 1854

Marine

Not evaluated

537

Chaetodontidae

Chaetodon adiergastos Seale, 1910

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

538

Chaetodon auriga Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

539

Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

540

Chaetodon baronessa Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

541

Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

542

Chaetodon falcula Bloch, 1795

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

543

Chaetodon kleinii Bloch, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

544

Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

545

Chaetodon lunula Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

546

Chaetodon lunulatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

547

Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

548

Chaetodon octofasciatus Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

549

Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett], 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

550

Chaetodon speculum Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

551

Chaetodon triangulum Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

552

Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

553

Chaetodon trifasciatus Park, 1797

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

554

Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup, 1863

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

555

Roa excelsa Jordan, 1921

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

556

Roa modesta Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

557

Chelmon muelleri Klunzinger, 1879

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

558

Chelmon rostratus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

559

Coradion altivelis McCulloch, 1916

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

560

Coradion chrysozonus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

561

Forcipiger flavissimus Jordan & McGregor, 1898

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

562

Forcipiger longirostris Broussonet, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

563

Heniochus acuminatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

564

Heniochus chrysostomus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

565

Heniochus diphreutes Jordan, 1903

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

566

Heniochus monoceros Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

567

Heniochus singularius Smith & Radcliffe, 1911

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

568

Parachaetodon ocellatus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

569

Champsodontidae

Champsodon atridorsalis Ochiai & Nakamura, 1964

Marine

Not evaluated

570

Champsodon capensis Regan, 1908

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

571

Champsodon snyderi Franz, 1910

Marine

Not evaluated

572

Champsodon vorax Günther, 1867

Marine

Not evaluated

573

Channidae

Channa maculata Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

574

Channa striata Bloch, 1793

Marine

Least concern

575

Cheilodactylidae

Goniistius quadricornis Günther, 1860

Marine

Not evaluated

576

Goniistius zonatus Cuvier, 1830

Marine

Not evaluated

577

Cichlidae

Coptodon zillii Gervais, 1848

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

578

Oreochromis aureus Steindachner, 1864

Marine

Not evaluated

579

Oreochromis mossambicus Peters, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Vulnerable

580

Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

581

Cirrhitidae

Cirrhitichthys aureus Temminck & Schlegel, 1842

Marine

Not evaluated

582

Cirrhitichthys falco Randall, 1963

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

583

Cirrhitus pinnulatus Forster, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

584

Congrogadidea

Congrogadus subducens Richardson, 1843

Marine

Least concern

585

Coryphaenidae

Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Least concern

586

Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Least concern

587

Drepanidae

Drepane longimana Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

588

Drepane punctata Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

589

Echeneidae

Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

590

Eleotridae

Asterropteryx semipunctata Rüppell, 1830

Marine

Least concern

591

Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

592

Butis butis Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

593

Butis gymnopomus Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

594

Butis koilomatodon Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

595

Eleotris acanthopomus Bleeker, 1853

Marine

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

596

Eleotris fusca Forster, 1801

Marine

Least concern

597

Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

598

Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

599

Odontobutis sinensis Wu, Chen & Chong, 2002

Marine

Not evaluated

600

Ophiocara porocephala Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

601

Prionobutis dasyrhynchus Günther, 1868

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

602

Emmelichtyidae

Erythrocles schlegelii Richardson, 1846

Marine

Least concern

603

Ephippidea

Ephippus orbis Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

604

Gempylidae

Rexea prometheoides Bleeker, 1856

Marine

Not evaluated

605

Gerreidae

Gerres decacanthus Bleeker, 1864

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

606

Gerres erythrourus Bloch, 1791

Marine

Least concern

607

Gerres filamentosus Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

608

Gerres japonicus Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

609

Gerres limbatus Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

610

Gerres longirostris Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

611

Gerres macracanthus Bleeker, 1854

Marine

Not evaluated

612

Gerres oblongus Cuvier, 1830

Marine

Least concern

613

Gerres oyena Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

614

Gerres septemfasciatus Liu & Yan, 2009

Marine

Not evaluated

615

Gerres shima Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino, 2007

Marine

Not evaluated

616

Pentaprion longimanus Cantor, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

617

Girellidae

Girella punctata Gray, 1835

Marine

Not evaluated

618

Glaucosomatidae

Glaucosoma buergeri Richardson, 1845

Marine

Not evaluated

619

Gobiidae

Acanthogobius flavimanus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine

Least concern

620

Acanthogobius stigmothonus Richardson, 1845

Marine

Not evaluated

621

Acentrogobius audax Smith, 1959

Marine

Least concern

622

Acentrogobius caninus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

623

Acentrogobius janthinopterus Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

624

Acentrogobius nebulosus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

625

Acentrogobius pflaumii Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

626

Acentrogobius viganensis Steindachner, 1893

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

627

Acentrogobius viridipunctatus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

628

Drombus ocyurus Jordan & Seale, 1907

Marine

Not evaluated

629

Amblychaeturichthys hexanema Bleeker, 1853

Marine

Not evaluated

630

Amblyeleotris fontanesii Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

631

Amblyeleotris gymnocephala Bleeker, 1853

Marine

Least concern

632

Amblyeleotris periophthalma Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

633

Amblyeleotris wheeleri Polunin & Lubbock, 1977

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

634

Amblygobius albimaculatus Rüppell, 1830

Marine

Least concern

635

Amblygobius bynoensis Richardson, 1844

Marine

Least concern

636

Amblygobius decussatus Bleeker, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

637

Amblygobius phalaena Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

638

Amblyotrypauchen arctocephalus Alcock, 1890

Marine

Least concern

639

Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoides Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

640

Amoya madraspatensis Day, 1868

Marine

Not evaluated

641

Anchoviella brevirostris Günther, 1868

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

642

Apocryptodon madurensis Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

643

Apocryptodon punctatus Tomiyama, 1934

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

644

Arcygobius baliurus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine

Data deficient

645

Aulopareia atripinnata Smith, 1931

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

646

Aulopareia unicolor Valenciennes, 1837

Marine

Least concern

647

Awaous melanocephalus Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

648

Awaous ocellaris Broussonet, 1782

Marine

Least concern

649

Bathygobius fuscus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

650

Bathygobius hongkongensis Lam, 1986

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

651

Boleophthalmus pectinirostris Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

652

Brachyamblyopus brachysoma Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

653

Karsten totoyensis Garman, 1903

Marine

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

654

Caragobius urolepis Bleeker, 1852

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

655

Chaeturichthys stigmatias Richardson, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

656

Cryptocentrus caeruleomaculatus Herre, 1933

Marine

Least concern

657

Cryptocentrus leptocephalus Bleeker, 1876

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

658

Cryptocentrus pavoninoides Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

659

Cryptocentrus yatsui Tomiyama, 1936

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

660

Tomiyamichthys russus Cantor, 1849

Marine

Not evaluated

661

Ctenogobiops formosa Randall, Shao & Chen, 2003

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

662

Ctenogobiops mitodes Randall, Shao & Chen, 2007

Marine

Not evaluated

663

Ctenogobius chusanensis Herre, 1940

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

664

Gymnogobius urotaenia Hilgendorf, 1879

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

665

Ctenotrypauchen chinensis Steindachner, 1867

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

666

Drombus palackyi Jordan & Seale, 1905

Marine

Not evaluated

667

Drombus triangularis Weber, 1909

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

668

Eviota albolineata Jewett & Lachner, 1983

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

669

Eviota storthynx Rofen, 1959

Marine

Least concern

670

Exyrias belissimus Smith, 1959

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

671

Exyrias puntang Bleeker, 1851

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

672

Favonigobius gymnauchen Bleeker, 1860

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

673

Favonigobius reichei Bleeker, 1854

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

674

Glossogobius circumspectus Macleay, 1883

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

675

Glossogobius giuris Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

676

Glossogobius olivaceus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

677

Gobiopsis macrostoma Steindachner, 1861

Marine

Least concern

678

Gobiopterus lacustris Herre, 1927

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

679

Cotylopus rubripinnis Keith, Hoareau & Bosc, 2005

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Vulnerable

680

Istigobius campbelli Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

681

Istigobius hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

682

Istigobius ornatus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Intertidal

Least concern

683

Istigobius spence Smith, 1947

Marine

Least concern

684

Luciogobius guttatus Gill, 1859

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

685

Mahidolia mystacina Valenciennes, 1837

Marine

Least concern

686

Mugilogobius abei Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

687

Mugilogobius chulae Smith, 1932

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

688

Mugilogobius myxodermus Herre, 1935

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

689

Myersina crocata Wongratana, 1975

Marine

Not evaluated

690

Myersina filifer Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

691

Myersina macrostoma Herre, 1934

Marine

Not evaluated

692

Myersina papuanus Peters, 1877

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

693

Odontamblyopus lacepedii Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine

Not evaluated

694

Odontamblyopus rubicundus Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

695

Oligolepis acutipennis Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

696

Oligolepis jaarmani Weber, 1913

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

697

Oplopomus oplopomus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine

Least concern

698

Oxuderces dentatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

699

Oxyurichthys auchenolepis Bleeker, 1876

Marine

Not evaluated

700

Oxyurichthys microlepis Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

701

Oxyurichthys ophthalmonema Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

702

Oxyurichthys papuensis Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

703

Oxyurichthys tentacularis Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

704

Oxyurichthys uronema Weber, 1909

Marine

Not evaluated

705

Parachaeturichthys polynema Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

706

Paragobiodon echinocephalus Rüppell, 1830

Marine

Least concern

707

Paragobiodon xanthosoma Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Intertidal

Least concern

708

Parapocryptes serperaster Richardson, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

709

Paratrypauchen microcephalus Bleeker, 1860

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

710

Periophthalmus novaeguineaensis Eggert, 1935

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

711

Priolepis semidoliata Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

712

Psammogobius biocellatus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

713

Pseudogobius javanicus Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

714

Pseudogobius masago Tomiyama, 1936

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

715

Rhinogobius giurinus Rutter, 1897

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

716

Scartelaos histophorus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

717

Sicydium brevifile Ogilvie-Grant, 1884

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

718

Sicyopterus lagocephalus Pallas, 1770

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

719

Sicyopterus pugnans Ogilvie-Grant, 1884

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

720

Sicyopus zosterophorus Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

721

Stenogobius genivittatus Valenciennes, 1837

Marine

Least concern

722

Stiphodon elegans Steindachner, 1879

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

723

Acanthogobius hasta Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

724

Synechogobius ommaturus Richardson, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

725

Tridentiger barbatus Günther, 1861

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

726

Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner, 1881

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

727

Tridentiger obscurus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

728

Tridentiger trigonocephalus Gill, 1859

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

729

Trimma okinawae Aoyagi, 1949

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

730

Trypauchen pelaeos Murdy, 2006

Marine

Not evaluated

731

Trypauchen vagina Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

732

Trypauchenichthys sumatrensis Hardenberg, 1931

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

733

Trypauchenopsis intermedia Volz, 1903

Marine

Least concern

734

Valenciennea immaculata Ni, 1981

Marine

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

735

Valenciennea muralis Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

736

Valenciennea wardii Playfair, 1867

Marine

Least concern

737

Yongeichthys criniger Valenciennes, 1837

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

738

Haemulidae

Diagramma pictum Thunberg, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

739

Hapalogenys analis Richardson, 1845*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

740

Hapalogenys kishinouyei Smith & Pope, 1906

Marine

Not evaluated

741

Hapalogenys nigripinnis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843*

Marine

Not evaluated

742

Parapristipoma trilineatum Thunberg, 1793

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

743

Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

744

Plectorhinchus cinctus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

745

Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

746

Plectorhinchus gibbosus Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

747

Plectorhinchus lessonii Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

748

Plectorhinchus lineatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

749

Plectorhinchus pictus Tortonese, 1936

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

750

Plectorhinchus schotaf Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

751

Plectorhinchus vittatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

752

Pomadasys argenteus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

753

Pomadasys argyreus Valenciennes, 1833

Marine

Least concern

754

Pomadasys kaakan Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

755

Pomadasys maculatus Bloch, 1793

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

756

Histiophoridae

Istiophorus platypterus Shaw, 1792

Marine

Least concern

757

Istiophoridae

Kajikia audax Philippi, 1887

Marine

Near threatened

758

Kyphosidae

Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède, 1801

Marine

Least concern

759

Kyphosus cinerascens Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

760

Kyphosus vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

761

Microcanthus strigatus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

762

Labridae

Bodianus axillaris Bennett, 1832

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

763

Bodianus oxycephalus Bleeker, 1862

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

764

Cheilinus chlorourus Bloch, 1791

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

765

Cheilinus trilobatus Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

766

Choerodon anchorago Bloch, 1791

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

767

Choerodon azurio Jordan & Snyder, 1901

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

768

Choerodon cyanodus Richardson, 1843

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

769

Choerodon schoenleinii Valenciennes, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Near threatened

770

Cirrhilabrus punctatus Randall & Kuiter, 1989

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

771

Cirrhilabrus temminckii Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

772

Coris gaimard Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

773

Coris variegata Rüppell, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

774

Epibulus insidiator Pallas, 1770

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

775

Gomphosus varius Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

776

Halichoeres argus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

777

Halichoeres bicolor Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

778

Halichoeres chrysus Randall, 1981

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

779

Halichoeres cosmetus Randall & Smith, 1982

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

780

Halichoeres hortulanus Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

781

Halichoeres leucoxanthus Randall & Smith, 1982

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

782

Halichoeres leucurus Walbaum, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

783

Halichoeres margaritaceus Valenciennes, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

784

Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

785

Halichoeres melanochir Fowler & Bean, 1928

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

786

Halichoeres melanurus Bleeker, 1851

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

787

Halichoeres nebulosus Valenciennes, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

788

Halichoeres nigrescens Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

789

Halichoeres ornatissimus Garrett, 1863

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

790

Halichoeres prosopeion Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

791

Halichoeres scapularis Bennett, 1832

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

792

Halichoeres trimaculatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

793

Hemigymnus fasciatus Bloch, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

794

Hemigymnus melapterus Bloch, 1791

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

795

Hemigrammus analis Durbin, 1909

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

796

Iniistius dea Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

797

Iniistius trivittatus Randall & Cornish, 2000

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Data deficient

798

Iniistius verrens Jordan & Evermann, 1902

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

799

Labroides dimidiatus Valenciennes, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

800

Leptojulis cyanopleura Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

801

Macropharyngodon meleagris Valenciennes, 1839

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

802

Macropharyngodon ornatus Randall, 1978

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

803

Parajulis poecilepterus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

804

Pseudocheilinus evanidus Jordan & Evermann, 1903

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

805

Pseudocheilinus hexataenia Bleeker, 1857

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

806

Pseudepapterus gracilis Ferraris & Vari, 2000

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

807

Stethojulis bandanensis Bleeker, 1851

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

808

Stethojulis interrupta Bleeker, 1851

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

809

Stethojulis strigiventer Bennett, 1833

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

810

Stethojulis terina Jordan & Snyder, 1902

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

811

Stethojulis trilineata Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

812

Suezichthys gracilis Steindachner & Döderlein, 1887

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

813

Thalassoma hardwicke Bennett, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

814

Thalassoma lunare Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

815

Thalassoma purpureum Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

816

Xiphocheilus typus Bleeker, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

817

Iniistius pavo Valenciennes, 1840

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

818

Lactariidae 

Lactarius lactarius Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

819

Lateolabracidae

Lateolabrax japonicus Cuvier, 1828*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

820

Latidae

Lates calcarifer Bloch, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

821

Psammoperca waigiensis Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

822

Latimeriidae

Latimeria chalumnae Smith, 1939

Marine

Critically endangered

823

Leiognathidae

Equulites elongatus Günther, 1874

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

824

Equulites lineolatus Valenciennes, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

825

Equulites oblongus Valenciennes, 1835

Marine

Not evaluated

826

Equulites rivulatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

827

Eubleekeria jonesi James, 1971

Marine

Not evaluated

828

Eubleekeria splendens Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

829

Gazza minuta Bloch, 1795

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

830

Karalla daura Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

831

Karalla dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

832

Aurigequula fasciata Lacepède, 1803

Marine

Least concern

833

Leiognathus berbis Valenciennes, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

834

Leiognathus brevirostris Valenciennes, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

835

Leiognathus equula Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Least concern

836

Nuchequula nuchalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1845

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

837

Photolateralis stercorarius Evermann & Seale, 1907

Marine

Not evaluated

838

Photopectoralis bindus Valenciennes, 1835*

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

839

Nuchequula gerreoides Bleeker, 1851

Marine

Not evaluated

840

Nuchequula longicornis Kimura, Kimura & Ikejima, 2008

Marine

Not evaluated

841

Nuchequula mannusella Chakrabarty & Sparks, 2007

Marine

Not evaluated

842

Deveximentum indicium Monkolprasit, 1973

Marine

Not evaluated

843

Deveximentum insidiator Bloch, 1787

Marine

Not evaluated

844

Deveximentum interruptum Valenciennes, 1835

Marine

Not evaluated

845

Deveximentum megalolepis Mochizuki & Hayashi, 1989

Marine

Not evaluated

846

Leiognathus ruconius Hamilton, 1822

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef, Intertidal

Not evaluated

847

Lethrinidae

Gymnocranius griseus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

848

Lethrinus atkinsoni Seale, 1910

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

849

Lethrinus erythropterus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

850

Lethrinus genivittatus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

851

Lethrinus haematopterus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

852

Lethrinus harak Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

853

Lethrinus lentjan Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

854

Lethrinus miniatus Forster, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

855

Lethrinus nebulosus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

856

Lethrinus olivaceus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

857

Lethrinus ornatus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

858

Lethrinus semicinctus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

859

Lethrinus variegatus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

860

Lethrinus xanthochilus Klunzinger, 1870

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

861

Lobotidae

Lobotes surinamensis Bloch, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

862

Lutjanidae

Lutjanus argentimaculatus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

863

Lutjanus carponotatus Richardson, 1842

Marine

Least concern

864

Lutjanus decussatus Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

865

Lutjanus ehrenbergii Peters, 1869

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

866

Lutjanus erythropterus Bloch, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

867

Lutjanus fulviflamma Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

868

Lutjanus fulvus Forster, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

869

Lutjanus gibbus Forsskål, 1775

Marine

Least concern

870

Lutjanus johnii Bloch, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

871

Lutjanus kasmira Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

872

Lutjanus lemniscatus Valenciennes, 1828

Marine

Least concern

873

Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

874

Lutjanus malabaricus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

875

Lutjanus monostigma Cuvier, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

876

Lutjanus quinquelineatus Bloch, 1790

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

877

Lutjanus rivulatus Cuvier, 1828

Marine

Least concern

878

Lutjanus russellii Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

879

Lutjanus sebae Cuvier, 1816

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

880

Lutjanus stellatus Akazaki, 1983

Marine

Not evaluated

881

Lutjanus timoriensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

882

Lutjanus vitta Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

883

Macolor niger Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

884

Pristipomoides typus Bleeker, 1852

Marine

Least concern

885

Pristipomoides filamentosus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine

Least concern

886

Symphorichthys spilurus Günther, 1874

Marine

Least concern

887

Malacanthidae

Branchiostegus albus Dooley, 1978

Marine

Not evaluated

888

Branchiostegus argentatus Cuvier, 1830

Marine

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

889

Branchiostegus auratus Kishinouye, 1907

Marine

Not evaluated

890

Branchiostegus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

891

Menidae

Mene maculata Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

892

Monodactylidae

Monodactylus argenteus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

893

Mullidae

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis Valenciennes, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

894

Parupeneus chrysopleuron Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine

Not evaluated

895

Parupeneus ciliatus Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

896

Parupeneus cyclostomus Lacepède, 1801

Marine

Least concern

897

Parupeneus forsskali Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1976

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

898

Parupeneus heptacanthus Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

899

Parupeneus indicus Shaw, 1803

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

900

Parupeneus multifasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

901

Parupeneus trifasciatus Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

902

Upeneus asymmetricus Lachner, 1954

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

903

Upeneus francisi Randall & Guézé, 1992

Marine

Least concern

904

Upeneus guttatus Day, 1868

Marine

Least concern

905

Upeneus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

906

Upeneus luzonius Jordan & Seale, 1907

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

907

Upeneus moluccensis Bleeker, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

908

Upeneus subvittatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

909

Upeneus sulphureus Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

910

Upeneus tragula Richardson, 1846

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

911

Nemipteridae

Nemipterus aurora Russell, 1993

Marine

Not evaluated

912

Nemipterus bathybius Snyder, 1911

Marine

Not evaluated

913

Nemipterus furcosus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine

Least concern

914

Nemipterus hexodon Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine

Least concern

915

Nemipterus japonicus Bloch, 1791

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

916

Nemipterus marginatus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

917

Nemipterus nemurus Bleeker, 1857

Marine

Least concern

918

Nemipterus peronii Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

919

Nemipterus thosaporni Russell, 1991

Marine

Not evaluated

920

Nemipterus virgatus Houttuyn, 1782

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Vulnerable

921

Nemipterus zysron Bleeker, 1856

Marine

Least concern

922

Parascolopsis inermis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine

Least concern

923

Pentapodus emeryii Richardson, 1843

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

924

Pentapodus setosus Valenciennes, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

925

Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

926

Scolopsis affinis Peters, 1877

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

927

Scolopsis bilineata Bloch, 1793

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

928

Scolopsis bimaculata Rüppell, 1828

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

929

Scolopsis ciliata Lacepède, 1802

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

930

Scolopsis lineata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

931

Scolopsis monogramma Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

932

Scolopsis taenioptera Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

933

Scolopsis trilineata Kner, 1868

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

934

Scolopsis vosmeri Bloch, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

935

Nomeidae

Cubiceps whiteleggii Waite, 1894

Marine

Not evaluated

936

Ariomma indica Day, 1871

Marine

Not evaluated

937

Opistognathidae

Opistognathus macrolepis Peters, 1866

Marine

Not evaluated

938

Oplegnathidae

Oplegnathus punctatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

939

Pempheridae

Pempheris analis Waite, 1910

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

940

Pempheris molucca Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

941

Pempheris nyctereutes Jordan & Evermann, 1902

Marine

Not evaluated

942

Pempheris oualensis Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

943

Pempheris schwenkii Bleeker, 1855

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

944

Pempheris vanicolensis Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

945

Pentacerotidae

Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine

Not evaluated

946

Pinguipedidae

Parapercis alboguttata Günther, 1872

Marine

Not evaluated

947

Parapercis clathrata Ogilby, 1910

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

948

Parapercis cylindrica Bloch, 1792

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

949

Parapercis filamentosa Steindachner, 1878

Marine

Not evaluated

950

Parapercis hexophtalma Cuvier, 1829

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

951

Parapercis lutevittata Liao, Cheng & Shao, 2011

Marine

Not evaluated

952

Parapercis millepunctata Günther, 1860

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

953

Parapercis multiplicata Randall, 1984

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

954

Parapercis nebulosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

955

Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder, 1902

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

956

Parapercis pulchella Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine

Not evaluated

957

Parapercis punctata Cuvier, 1829

Marine

Not evaluated

958

Parapercis sexfasciata Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

Marine

Not evaluated

959

Parapercis xanthozona Bleeker, 1849

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

960

Platacidae

Platax orbicularis Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

961

Platax pinnatus Linnaeus, 1758

Marine

Not evaluated

962

Platax teira Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

963

Plesiopidae

Plesiops coeruleolineatus Rüppell, 1835

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

964

Plesiops verecundus Mooi, 1995

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

965

Polynemidae

Eleutheronema rhadinum Jordan & Evermann, 1902

Marine

Not evaluated

966

Eleutheronema tetradactylum Shaw, 1804

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

967

Polydactylus sextarius Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

968

Pomacanthidae 

Apolemichthys trimaculatus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

969

Centropyge bicolor Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

970

Centropyge bispinosa Günther, 1860

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

Table continued on next page.................

No

Orders

Families

Latin name

Habitats

IUCN

971

Centropyge loriculus Günther, 1874

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

972

Centropyge tibicen Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

973

Centropyge vrolikii Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

974

Chaetodontoplus septentrionalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

975

Pomacanthus imperator Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

976

Pomacanthus navarchus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

977

Pomacanthus semicirculatus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

978

Pomacanthus sexstriatus Cuvier, 1831

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

979

Pomacanthus xanthometopon Bleeker, 1853

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

980

Pomacentridae

Abudefduf bengalensis Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

981

Abudefduf notatus Day, 1870

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

982

Abudefduf septemfasciatus Cuvier, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

983

Abudefduf sexfasciatus Lacepède, 1801

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

984

Abudefduf sordidus Forsskål, 1775

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

985

Abudefduf vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

986

Amblyglyphidodon curacao Bloch, 1787

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

987

Amphiprion akindynos Allen, 1972

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

988

Amphiprion bicinctus Rüppell, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

989

Amphiprion clarkii Bennett, 1830

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Not evaluated

990

Amphiprion frenatus Brevoort, 1856

Marine, Mangrove, Coral reef

Least concern

991

Amphiprion ocellaris Cuvier, 1830