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Application of Micronutrients Enhances the Quality of Kinnow Mandarin Infected by Citrus Greening Disease (Huanglongbing)

Application of Micronutrients Enhances the Quality of Kinnow Mandarin Infected by Citrus Greening Disease (Huanglongbing)

Zahoor Hussain1,2, Yasir Iftikhar3, Mustansar Mubeen3, Muhammad Zia Saleem3, Muhammad Umer Naseer3, Muhammad Luqman4, Raheel Anwar5, Faheem Khadija6 and Aqleem Abbas7

1Department of Horticulture, Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan; 2Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha; 3Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan; 4Department of Agricultural extension, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha; 5Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad; 6Citrus Research Institute, Sargodha; 7State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology and Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Sciences, P.R. China

 
*Correspondence | Muhammad Luqman, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan; Email: muhammad.luqman@uos.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Citrus greening disease (CGD) is one of the economically significant diseases of Kinnow mandarin. Various management practices have been adopted to mitigate this disease. However, this disease can only be effectively minimized by the application of micronutrients which play an essential role in increasing the vigour of citrus against the disease. In the present study, typical symptoms of citrus greening, such as mottled leaves, were observed on the infected trees. The infected fruits were undeveloped and partially or entirely failed in attaining natural orange fruit colour. Moreover, the iodo-starch tests revealed that the color of HLB-positive leaves was dark grey to black across the sliced surface. Afterward, the Zinc sulfate and Manganese sulfate at the concentrations of 0.25 g/L, 0.5 g/L, and 0.75 g/L were applied on selected diseased plants in combination. Afterward, different vegetative, physiological, and biochemical parameters of citrus greening infected fruit include fruit diameter, fruit weight, flavedo thickness, total soluble solids, ascorbic acids, juice percentages, TSS/TA ratio, total soluble solids, and titratable acidity were statistically analyzed. The application of Zinc sulphate (0.75 g/L) combined with Manganese sulphate (0.75 g/L) had significantly increased the fruit diameter, fruit weight, flavedo thickness, total soluble solids, ascorbic acids, juice percentage, and TSS/TA ratio in the citrus greening diseased affected fruits. The other parameters such as titratable acidity, total sugars, reducing and non-reducing sugars in the citrus greening diseased affected fruits were not influenced significantly. In conclusion, the application of Zinc sulphate in combination with Manganese sulphate can enhance the vigour and quality of citrus fruits against citrus greening disease.

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

March

Vol. 38, Iss. 1, Pages 01-387

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