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Effective Flower Production at Various Flushes and their Respective Contribution Towards Final Yield of Mungbean

Effective Flower Production at Various Flushes and their Respective Contribution Towards Final Yield of Mungbean

Muhammad Mansoor1, 2, Sheheryar1 and Shahid Ali Khan1*

1Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Pakistan; 2Arid Zone Research Center, Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Shahid Ali Khan, Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Pakistan; Email: 


Current experiment was performed in 2019 at Arid Zone Research Center, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, to study Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) flushes and their contribution towards the final yield. Among the goals were the quantification of mungbean flowering flushes to final yield, identification of short duration variety, to recognize varieties suitable for water-deficient areas, and varieties suitable for cotton crop intercropping before reaching their maximum canopy level. The analysis was carried out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications of split plot arrangement; varieties (NM-2011, Inqelab Mung, Dera Mung, and NM-98) were allocated in the main plot and sub-plots were held at various flowering flushes. The analyzed data revealed that the percentage of pods plant-1, weight pod-1, 1000 grain weight, grain yield, and harvest index were significantly affected by different varieties, and their interaction with the harvest at various flowering flushes. Inqelab Mung give higher yield compared to other varieties by producing 26 and 37 percent (63 percent) of its total yield in the 1st and 2nd flushes, respectively, with maturity for both flushes in around 63 days. In addition, its yield was higher than NM-2011, Dera Mung, and NM-98 by 21 %, 51 %, and 40 %, respectively. Cultivar Inqelab Mung may be recommended for planting in rain-fed conditions where the supply of water for the second and third irrigation is uncertain for farmers. In addition, through adding nitrogen via nodulation, it can also be intercropped with cotton as it can give fair yield without presenting any competition with cotton crop.

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol. 35, Iss. 3, Pages 477-577


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