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Identification of Bacteria from Diarrheic foals in Punjab, Pakistan

Identification of Bacteria from Diarrheic foals in Punjab, Pakistan

Ikramul Haq1, Aneela Zameer Durrani*1, Muhammad Sarwar Khan1, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq2, Imtiaz Ahmad3, Amjad Khan2 and Mehboob Ali1<

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal
Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Veterinary and Animal
Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
3Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of the Poonch, Rawalakot, (AJK), Pakistan

*     Corresponding author: aneela@uvas.edu.pk

ABSTRACT
Foal diarrhea in working equines is reported as the most common cause of mortality. Lahore and Sahiwal districts of Punjab, Pakistan were selected during 2016 for the present study. A total of 616 foals were examined out of which 447 diarrheic foals were sampled for isolation of bacteria. During the study 294 faecal samples (horse n=217, mules n=23 and donkey n=54) were diagnosed positive for bacteria. The overall prevalence of diarrhea was 72.56% with bacteria in 65.77% of diarrheic cases. The prevalence of different bacterial species shows that E. coli was the most prevalent bacteria with 48.77% as compared to Clostridium perfringens (18.56%) and Salmonella (17.9%). It was concluded that bacteria were the major cause of foal diarrhea in Punjab, Pakistan. 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 50, Iss. 3, Pages 799-1198

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