Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Yield and Water Productivity of Capsicum under Different Concentrations of Treated Municipal Wastewater

Yield and Water Productivity of Capsicum under Different Concentrations of Treated Municipal Wastewater

Shahid Hameed Khan Khalil1, Adnan Shakeel1, Ghani Akbar1, Muhammad Asif2, Ashraf Khan3* and Zafar Islam1

1CEWRI, NARC, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan; 2NRD, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan; 3Institute of Plant and Environmental Protection, NARC, Islamabad, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Ashraf Khan, Institute of Plant and Environmental Protection, NARC, Islamabad, Pakistan; Email: ashraf_ento60@yahoo.com 

ABSTRACT

The use of wastewater in agriculture sector is growing worldwide because freshwater resources are depleting. Waste water is considered suitable for growing vegetables after appropriate treatment. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the yield response factor of capsicum to different concentrations of municipal wastewater treatments through bioremediation. Four irrigation treatments were applied by using potable and wastewater in different ratios. These treatments were T1, T2, T3 and T4 (100% treated wastewater, 66% treated wastewater and 34% potable water, 34% treated wastewater and 66% potable water and 100% potable water respectively). In treatment T1, the highest yields and crop water productivities of capsicum were 46.43 tons/ha and 9.43 Kg/m3 in 2017 while 46.56 tons/ha and 9.49 Kg/m3 were obtained in 2018 respectively. Results showed that yield response factor and water productivity of capsicum irrigated with treated waste water was 18% and 16% in 2017 and 2018 respectively which was higher than potable water. The level of essential nutrients in the waste water is higher as compared to potable water. From results it was concluded that waste water can be used for growing capsicum for increasing yield and water productivity. 

 

To share on other social networks, click on any share button. What are these?

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 53, Iss. 6, Pages 2001-2521

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe