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Yield and Economic Analysis of Peanut Production under Different Soil Tillage Systems in North-East Region

Yield and Economic Analysis of Peanut Production under Different Soil Tillage Systems in North-East Region

Rana Shahzad Noor1,2*, Fiaz Hussain2, Muhammad Umar Farooq3, Irfan Abbas4, Muhammad Umair2, Muhammad Adnan Islam5, Muhammad Sheraz

1Department of Agriculture, Biological, Environment and Energy Engineering, College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China; 2Faculty of Agricultural Engineering & Technology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan;3College of Hydraulic Engineering, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming Yunnan, 650204 P.R China;4School of Agricultural Equipment Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China; 5Agricultural Engineering Institute, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.

engr.rsnoor@uaar.edu.pk  

ABSTRACT

This research study was carried out at greenhouse research station, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin in 2018 and 2019 crop years with three replications according to complete randomized design (CRD). The main objective of this research was to investigate the effect of four soil tillage systems on main crop peanut and wheat + second crop peanut in order to evaluate crop yield, fuel consumption and to perform economic analysis. Two years study results showed that the main crop peanut yields changed between 4331.0 kg ha-1 and 5486.6 kg ha-1, while second crop peanut yields changed between 2670.6 kg ha-1 and 3388.8 kg ha-1. The highest yield for main crop and crop peanut under different tillage methods was 2097.8 kg ha-1, while the lowest yield was observed as 1649.9 kg ha-1 respectively. The fuel consumption of main crop was measured between 33.33 l ha-1 and 63.48 l ha-1, while second crop fuel consumption was ranged as 34.92 l ha-1 to 62.48 l ha-1. The highest and lowest fuel consumptions levels of different soil tillage for main and second crop peanuts were 62.61 and 34.08 l ha-1 and 33.09 and 61.82 l ha-1, respectively. The positive effects of different soil tillage were found on yield and fuel consumption of main and second crops. The economic comparison conducted for crop inputs cost for different tillage systems showed that the most positive effect in term of yield, fuel consumption, input cost and income was determined in conventional tillage system T1 and reduced tillage system T2. 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 52, Iss. 4, Pages 1225-1630

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