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The Effects of Carbaryl and 2,4- Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid on Oxidative Stress Index in Capoeta capoeta (Guldensteadt 1773)

The Effects of Carbaryl and 2,4- Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid on Oxidative Stress Index in Capoeta capoeta (Guldensteadt 1773)

İnan Kaya1,*, Muhitdin Yılmaz2, Müge Mavioğlu Kaya3,Abdulsamed Kükürt4 and Mahmut Karapehlivan5

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kafkas University, 36100 Kars, Turkey
2Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Sinop University, 57000 Sinop, Turkey
3Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kafkas University, 36100 Kars, Turkey
4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, 36100 Kars, Turkey
5Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Kafkas University, 36100 Kars, Turkey

*      Corresponding author: inankaya_@hotmail.com

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study is to investigate the oxidative stress index in Capoeta capoeta treated with carbaryl and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Fifty Capoeta capoeta fish caught in Kars Creek were equally divided into five groups and acclimatized in separate tanks for 10 days. The fish were kept in tanks as follows: Group I (control) was kept in normal water. Group II, III, IV and V were kept in separate tanks containing 0.3 mg/L carbaryl, 0.6 mg/L carbaryl, 10 mg/L 2,4-D and 20 mg/L 2,4-D, respectively. The blood and liver samples were taken from the fish for biochemical studies at the end of the study period. Oxidative stress index (OSI) in plasma were evaluated as well as AST and ALT levels in the liver. Plasma OSI and liver AST levels in the groups with carbaryl and 2,4-D were compared with the control group, and they were found to be significantly higher. As a result, it was concluded that carbaryl and 2,4-D administered under of LC50 value caused liver damage by increasing the oxidative stress of Capoeta capoeta.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 50, Iss. 6, Pages 1999-2398

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