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Synergistic Effect of Entomopathogenic Fungi and Bacteria against Pulse Beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis

Synergistic Effect of Entomopathogenic Fungi and Bacteria against Pulse Beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis

Mohsan Iqbal1, Farid Asif Shaheen1, Rashid Mahmood2,*, Muhammad Khalid Rafique2, Imran Bodlah1, Farah Naz3 and Muhammad Usman Raja3

1Department of Entomology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
2Honeybee Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad
3Department of Plant Pathology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

*      Corresponding author: rashid_ento1@yahoo.com

 

Fig. 1.

Percent inhibition rate (Mean ± SEM) per grain laid by C. chinensis in chickpea grains treated with different synergistic concentrations of B. bassiana (Bb), M. anisopliae (Ma), P. temperata (Pt) and X. nematophila (Xn).

Fig. 2.

Number of days till 100% mortality (Mean ± SE) per grain by C. chinensis in chickpea grains when treated with synergistic concentration of fungi (B. bassiana and M. anisopliae) and bacteria (P. temperata and X. nematophila)

Fig. 3.

Percent weight loss (Mean ± SEM) per grain laid by C. chinensis in chickpea grains treated with different synergistic concentrations of B. bassiana+M. anisopliae and P. temperata+X. nematophila.

Fig. 4.

Percent damage (Mean ± SEM) per grain laid by C. chinensis in chickpea grains treated with different synergistic concentrations of B. bassiana+M. anisopliae and P. temperata+X. nematophila.

Fig. 5.

Mortality (%) of C. chinensis after 24, 48 and 72 h after application of synergistic dilutions of entomopathogenic fungi and bacteria.

Fig. 6.

Results of synergistic concentration of DEBBM with B. bassiana.

%IR
WL
Damage

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 51, Iss. 4, Pages 1203-1598

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